(Including MacKenzies and McKinzies)
This book is a work in progress. It was last updated in November, 2020. I have chosen to add a link to it via the McKenzies of Early Maryland web site http://www.mckenziesofearlymaryland.com The web site contains much more “media” than the book. There are thousands upon thousands of obituaries, deeds, photos and notes located on the web site, which are linked to the individuals to whom they pertain. Please take some time to explore the web site. If you have information you would like to add to the web site or this book, or see errors that need to be corrected, please contact the author at so that anyone interested in the history of the McKenzies of Early Maryland also will have the web site available to further their firstname.lastname@example.org.
The synchronization of this book’s table of contents and its index with the book’s text is still giving me fits. Although I have attempted several times to get the table of contents and index page numbers to correspond with the text, they still do not do so. I hope to get the problem fixed soon. The best suggestion I have is to access the book via the web site and with respect to the PDF version, right click on a page and then click the “Find” button. It will allow you to search the text for names or places in which you may be interested. Bear in mind that spellings of names have changed over time so you may have to search under various iterations. Also, because of the vast difference in spellings of the same last name for a particular person, I oftentimes simply use the spelling “McKenzie” rather than try to use the spelling reflected in a particular document.
One of the first McKenzies to inhabit the shores of the new Maryland colony was John McKenzie (b. 1687). “MacKinzie” is the actual spelling of John’s name in his will executed in 1758. One branch of the McKenzies has continued to spell its name “MacKenzie”. This branch descends from John McKenzie’s son, Daniel, and has remained primarily in the vicinity of Baltimore for the last several hundred years. Another branch of McKenzies currently spell their name “McKinzie”, and is one of the many branches which descend via Gabriel McKenzie, another son of John McKenzie. To complicate matters even further, some McKenzies changed their name to “MacKenzie” even though available records from preceding generations concerning the same family reflect the McKenzie spelling. Although the spelling of the family name has varied quite substantially over the course of the last three centuries, the author has chosen to (mainly) use the spelling “McKenzie” because it currently seems to be the one most prevalently used throughout the United States by descendants of John McKenzie (b. 1687). In recognition of the three most common spellings, however, this book has been entitled “The McKenzies of Early Maryland, including MacKenzies and McKinzies.” When you search for names on the web site, however, please utilize various spellings of “McKenzie” as you search for your relatives. With respect to those families who have consistently spelled their name “MacKenzie” and “McKinzie” for several hundred years, the author has tried to maintain those spellings.
In addition to those spelling variations mentioned, there have been numerous other spelling iterations of the family name. Alan MacKenzie furnished the following information to the Clan MacKenzie web site in response to a question not associated with the McKenzies of Early Maryland. Its content, however, is worth sharing with all McKenzies.
The name Mackenzie was pronounced often like “McKinsey” hence that spelling. I once mentioned that when researching my gggrandfather in the parish of Tarbat in Easter Ross the Parish Clerk listed all Mackenzies as McKinzie. Once that parish clerk was replaced some 20 years later the name was spelled as McKenzie. So spelling from the 18th or even 19th century could be whatever people felt like. Most of the Mackenzies were farmers of one sort or another and were mostly unable to read and write. Their name was in the hands of the parish clerk. I suspect that your McKimsey is just another mis-spelling of Mackenzie. Probably a US version! When Highlanders went to England it was not uncommon to drop the Mac so they did not appear to be Highlanders from their name. Highlanders were not popular - at least not until Queen Victoria came along, or when George IV visited Scotland in 1823 or thereabouts and had a highland parade in Edinburgh. The other factor that changed the southern view of the Highlander was the large number that joined the British Army via the kilted Highland Regiments. After that we were good guys - saving the empire and all that!!! Vast numbers also served as soldiers in India with the East India Company and some of them made a lot of money doing that. A lot died too. The fact that your ancestor fought at Culloden on the Jacobite side suggest that he was a Highlander and with one of the Clans. Other than Mackenzie the only other name that sounds remotely like MacKimsey is MacKimmie (son of Simon) a Fraser Clan name. My best guess is that it is a variation of Mackenzie. By the way, the 1841 census shows no one in Ross-shire of that name MacKimsey or any variant.
Now look at the variations of the way Mackenzie was spelled over the years in Scottish documents: Makcainze 1570; Makcanze 1571; M'Canzeoch 1551; M'Cenzie 1560; MkEnzie 1678; M'Einzie 1549; McHinzie, McHingzie, M'Hunzie, McKinzie 1684; M'Kainzie, M'Kenzoch 1586; McKanye 1590; McKanyee 1629; M'Kanze 1544; Mackeanche, Makkanchy 1499; M'Keanzie 1662; Makeinny 1629; Makeinzie 1597; McKenyee 1642; McKenyie 1650; Makenze 1528; Makkangze, McKangzie1569; Makkanze 1573; Makkeeinzey 1649; M'Kenezie, M'Keinezie 1620; McKeinzie 1633; M'Kenich 1532; Makkeny 1663; Makkenych 1567; Makkennych 1545; Makkenze 1509; McKenzocht 1546; McKenzy 1721; M'Kinze 1530; Makkinze 1513; M'Kynich 1718. Dr George Fraser Black who compiled this massive piece of valuable research was born 1866 and died 1948. He was a historical scholar on the staff of The New York Public Library from 1896-1931 and spent half a century on the research for his book "The Surnames of Scotland – Their Origin, Meaning and History"
In view of this explanation with respect to spelling, it certainly helps one understand the variations that this author has seen since he began researching his McKenzie family roots. Some of the iterations seen just with respect to the spellings of the McKenzies of Early Maryland from Maryland deeds and tax records are: MacKensey (1699), MacKensy (1703), MaKinzie (1704), MacKenny (1705), MacKinze (1716), MacKinsey (1716), MacKenzie (1718), MacKensie (1737), McKinsey (1742), MacKinney (1745), MacKinzee (1754), MaKenzie (1755), MacKenzie (1759), McKenzie (1764), McKinney (1803), McKinsy (1805), McKinzey (1823) McKinsie (1851) and McKinzie (1866).
The area of Europe from whence John McKenzie (b. 1687) emigrated has not yet been proven by serious McKenzie researchers, although efforts still are being made both via records and DNA to determine the familial connection with the Old World. Some genealogists continue to attempt to connect John McKenzie with Collin McKenzie (b. allegedly 1630) of St. Mary’s, Maryland, and then attempt to extend the lineage via the Scottish Highland Chieftain line all the way back to Kenneth Fitzgerald (b. 1287). Sufficient, very thorough research has been conducted to refute any such connection via Collin. DNA disproves the connection and the dedicated group of McKenzie researchers, including the author, who have researched the topic have not been able to find any written documentation in the United States and Scotland to substantiate the claims made by others. Unfortunately, those claims permeate numerous genealogy sites on the Internet. And, sadly, when the authors/creators of those sites are presented with the absence of documentation concerning the Collin connection and asked to reconsider what they have written and posted, they refuse to do so. Further, when requested to document their postings, they refuse or are unable to do so. With that said, however, IF anyone has any documentation which establishes a link between John McKenzie (b. 1687) and Collin McKenzie (b. allegedly 1630), please take the time to forward it to the author. Needless to say, the question that next arises is: if the McKenzies of Early Maryland did not flow from Collin, then from whom or whence did they come?
Starting in 1998, and primarily as a result of the misinformation that had circulated for years on the Internet concerning the family’s origins in the United States, the McKenzie Research Group has spent countless thousands of hours attempting to separate fact from fiction concerning the family’s roots. As you will see if you review the McKenzies of Early Maryland web site, an extraordinary amount of time has been expended by the author trying to organize the research to make it more easily accessible and to try to preserve it for future generations. So often, genealogical research is conducted for many years of a person’s life, only to be tossed out with the other unwanted items at the estate sale that inevitably occurs after a person dies. This book and the web site are an effort to prevent the baby from being thrown out with the bath water so that future generations do not have to hunt, scratch and peck away to gather the family information like the rest of us did.
This book should be used in conjunction with the web site by those interested in determining if their relatives descend from the Early Maryland McKenzies. Because of the myriad branches of the family tree and the fact that the tree grows larger each year, there seemed to be no point to simply copy the current information from the web site and place it here, especially since the electronic version, like all genealogy, always seems to be in a state of flux as old, previously buried clues are discovered and are fit into the existing family fabric. As a result, the author has decided to spend his available time researching and attempting to understand the very early records, communicating with newly discovered cousins and updating the database rather than spending time simply duplicating in this book what already exists on the web site.
The McKenzies of Early Maryland web site contains jpg copies of thousands of old deeds, photos, obituaries, maps and other historical documents pertaining to the family. Those documents are tied to the home pages of the people to whom they correspond. The author has strived to include footnotes in this work directing the reader to the original source of those documents. In the event the reader is interested in digging deeper into a particular person or piece of property, the electronic “home page” of the McKenzie relative to whom the document pertains should be perused to see if any documents pertaining to that person have been uncovered and uploaded.
It is rather amazing to think that one person, John McKenzie (b. 1687), could spawn so many thousands of related individuals. As of November, 2020, the McKenzies of Early Maryland database contains the names of over 57,000 people, the vast majority of whom flow directly from John or are closely related to someone who descends from him. That number increases weekly as more people discover the web site and offer to contribute entirely new and unknown branches, old photos, marriage, birth and death certificates, obituaries, and other historical data pertaining to the Maryland McKenzie family.
As those interested in genealogy know quite well, there always seems to be another fact floating around “out there” just waiting to be discovered. This book certainly is not the final word on the McKenzies of Early Maryland. More data will be discovered in the future and, hopefully, added to this current framework of McKenzie information, which the author hopes will be used as a guide and built upon as a living, on-going document.
As most Maryland genealogists soon discover, the McKenzies of Early Maryland intermarried with and migrated westward from eastern Maryland with a number of families, one of which was the Logsdons. Gabriel McKenzie was the first known McKenzie to intermarry with a descendant of that family when he married Sarah Durbin, daughter of Samuel Durbin (b. abt. 1698) and Ann Logsdon (b. abt. 1703). In July, 2013 an extremely interesting happenstance occurred which proves that whenever any six people join hands, someone inevitably ends up being related to another person in the circle. Wilma and Dick Underwood have been hiking buddies of the author and his wife for years spending countless hours on trails all over Switzerland. Wilma had mentioned several years ago that her maiden name was Logsdon. Uhm, wonder if . . . Well, long story short, in July, 2013, Wilma sent the author her Logsdon branch and she turned out to be the author’s cousin based upon the Gabriel McKenzie/Sarah Durbin/Ann Logsdon connection. Small world, but one that makes genealogy so much fun to explore.
Finally, as one can imagine, it is inevitable when trying to gather and assemble so much information on so many ancestors that mistakes can creep into the effort. I am certain there are mistakes in this work. If you find them, please help correct them by emailing the author at email@example.com. Also, if you have information that you would like to contribute and have posted on the web site, please pass that along as well.
Michael A. McKenzie
Mountain Park, Georgia
John McKenzie was born in 1687. In a deposition given by John MacKinney (actual spelling in deposition) in 1745, he testified that he was 58 years old, which establishes his birth year as being 1687, not 1694 as stated on many Internet-based genealogy web sites.  The location of his birth is not known.
He married Katherine, last name unknown. The date of their marriage is unknown. The author has been unable to locate any written reference that substantiates that Katherine’s maiden name was “Gabriel”, which is the last name likewise reflected on many McKenzie genealogy web site listings. Katherine’s birth date and the location of her birth also are unknown.
John’s will is one of the most critical documents in existence which helps establish the identity of his children and the resulting branches of the McKenzies of Early Maryland genealogical tree. Because of its importance, a transcription prepared by the author is set forth below:
In the Name of God Amen. I John MacKinzie of Anarindale County being very sick and weak but of sound and perfect memory praised be to Almighty God for the same do make this my last will and testament in manner and form following. First I revoke all wills by me formerly made and do acknowledge this my last will and testament.
Imprimis I bequeath my soul to Almighty God that gave it and my body to be buried in decent and Christian manner and as for my temporal estate that the Lord in his great mercy hath bestowed upon me my will is that my well beloved wife Katherine MacKinzie after my just debts and legacies mentioned in the following will are paid all my personal estate to be by her possessed during her natural life.
Item I give and bequeath unto my son Daniel MacKinzie ninety six acres of land out of two tracts the one called Hopson’s Choice, the other called the Addition to Hopson’s Choice as it was devised to him in my lifetime to him the said Daniel and his heirs for ever.
Item I give and bequeath unto my son Moses MacKinzie ninety six acres of land being part of a tract of land called MacKinzie’s Discovery to be laid out as it was in my lifetime to suit his plantation he now dwells on to him the said Moses and his heirs for ever.
Item I give and bequeath to my grandson Michael MacKinzie Mattocks the son of John Mattocks and Anne MacKinzie his wife 50 acres of land being part of a tract of land called Hopson’s Choice to be laid out as it was in my lifetime to him the said Michael MacKinzie and his heirs for ever.
Item I give and bequeath to my grandson William MacKinzie son of Aaron MacKinzie ninety six acres of land as it was formerly laid out in my lifetime to him the said William MacKinzie and his heirs foe ever.
Item I give and bequeath to my son Michael MacKinzie the remaining part of my land being ninety six acres of land to him the said Michael and his heirs for ever.
It is my will and desire whatever part of my estate my children have received hitherto or shall receive before my death shall not after my decease be deemed or appraised as part thereof.
Item I do hereby appoint my loving wife Katherine MacKinzie together with my son Daniel as the executors of this my last will and testament and what shall be remaining of my personal estate in my wife’s possession my will is that after her decease it be equally divided amongst my six children, viz. five sons and one daughter hereby revoking all other wills heretofore by me made. Qualifying and confirming this only as my last will and testament.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and affixed my seal this seventeen day of March in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and fifty eight.
Signed, sealed, acknowledged his
Published and pronounced
In the presence of us John x Mackinzie
Aquila Naneall mark
The last name of Aquila is usually deciphered as “Randall”, and is suspected as being John’s lawyer.
John and Katherine had six children, five of whom are clearly reflected above in John’s will: Daniel, Moses, Anne, Aaron and Michael. Yet, for years when the author first started his genealogical research and before he obtained a copy of John’s will and transcribed it, the author saw repeated references to a sixth child: “Gabriel”, but no documentation seemed to exist that corroborated those references. That a sixth (male) child indeed existed is clear from the black bold language in the preceding transcription of John’s will.
At the outset of his research, the author acquired the microfilm of the handwritten notes of Gabriel T. MacKenzie, U.S. Army (ret.), and spied a tantalizing clue which stated that Gabriel McKenzie “was designated as the person to make an inventory of John MacKinzie’s personal effects” after John’s death in 1758. The search was on. Although it took years to finally discover the document, in 2010, the author obtained a copy of the Inventory of John McKenzie’s estate and there it was: Gabriel McKenzie referenced as being the “nearest next-of-kin” of John McKenzie and the one directed to make the accounting. This document proves conclusively that Gabriel was the “sixth” unnamed child in John McKenzie’s will.
Research has been conducted by the McKenzie Research Group since the late 1990’s to try to determine the identity of John’s father and mother and to ascertain where John was born, and failing that, to determine when John first appeared in early Maryland records. That work resulted in uncovering numerous documents pertaining to John, all of which are posted on his home page on the McKenzies of Early Maryland web site. In 2019, after twenty plus years of searching, and with a desire to achieve completeness and closure, Ann McKenzie Stansbarger, one of the members of the McKenzie Research Group, retained three Maryland-based professional genealogists and requested that they scour Maryland records with the stated goal to locate every early Maryland document which contained the name “John McKenzie” or some spelling variation thereof. The work performed by Harry C. Peden, Jr, Family Threads Genealogy and Helen E. Seymour is summarized in the following pages. In addition to the research performed by the aforementioned genealogists, the McKenzie Research Group, especially Ann McKenzie Stansbarger, also continued their work to augment what the professional genealogists uncovered.
As this massive research effort was unfolding, Allan McKenzie, another member of the McKenzie Research Group astutely pointed out that “sometimes you need to look at the light, sometimes the shadows. . . . I think all the records where we have found nothing are also valid data points. Ann, Mike and Dick have extensive records of searches which have turned up . . . nothing. To me it is just as valuable as the records where we have turned up ‘something’. Wouldn’t these searches also be of use to other researchers?” Great thought. With that admonition in mind, the extensive list of resources reviewed by Harry C. Peden, Jr. during his research efforts in 2019 are set forth in Appendix C. It mirrors many of the treatises reviewed by the McKenzie Research Group over the past twenty years which proved to be empty holes for them as it did for Peden. Its value, however, flows from the fact that all of them are listed in one east-to-access resource. Future researchers interested in attempting to further the McKenzies of Early Maryland research would be well advised to review Peden’s list so as not to waste time in their search.
Peden’s targeted charge was to attempt to locate all documents involving John McKenzie, or any spelling variation thereof, in Baltimore County, Maryland between 1650 and 1720. The following is a list of the documents he located:
1. “Jan 1716, 100-acre tract Hopford surveyed for Jno. McKenzie
(Baltimore County, Maryland Deed Abstracts, 1659-1750, by Robert Barnes, p.103)
2. 21 Oct 1718, 100-acre Hopson’s Choice surveyed for John MacKenzie, Baltimore Co.
20 May 1713, 10-acre Addition to Hopson’s Choice, surveyed for John MacKenzie
(Settlers of Maryland, 1701-1730, by Peter Wilson Coldham, p.103)
3. John McKenzie is found in the 1698/99 inventory of Moses Groome as a servant man with 3 years and 2 months to serve; may be the same John McKenzie who had surveyed 100 acre Hopford Choice (Baltimore County Families, 1659-1759, by Robert Barnes, p. 439
4. John MacKensey, north side of Gunpowder Hundred, Baltimore County taxable, 1699.
John MacKensey, north side of Gunpowder Hundred, Baltimore County taxable, 1700.
John MacKensey, north side of Gunpowder Hundred, Baltimore County taxable, 1701.
John MacKensy, north side of Patapsco Hundred, Baltimore County taxable, 1703.
John Makinzie, north side of Back River Hundred, Baltimore County taxable, 1704.
(Baltimore County, Maryland, Tax List, 1699-1706, by Raymond B. Clark, Jr. and Sara Seth Clark. Pp. 3, 9, 15, 35, 43)”
Unquestionably, the most interesting find was the notation (below) in the inventory of Moses Groome’s estate in 1698/99 which stated that John MaKensey was a “sickly man servant with 3 years and 2 months to serve.” This entry had been discovered by the McKenzie Research Group quite a number of years before it was once again brought to the group’s attention by the professional genealogists. Its reappearance, along with the tax lists from 1699-1705, prompted the group to refocus its attention on attempting to determine the identity of the John MaKensey noted in the inventory. Was he the same person listed in the Baltimore County tax lists between 1699 and 1705 and could he have been the John McKenzie (b. 1687) who later went on to acquire land south of the Patapsco River which eventually became known as Hopson’s Choice? After lots of additional research, analysis and discussion, the consensus of the group was that he indeed was John McKenzie (b. 1687). However, a note of caution always is in order. Although the circumstantial evidence outlined below seemingly suggests that the indentured servant with 3 years and 2 months to serve was John McKenzie (b. 1687), there is still a possibility that the conclusion the group reached was wrong.
What complicated the decision-making process were two facts: 1) the existence between 1716 and 1723 of another John MacKenzie/MacKenzy who lived in the vicinity of Talbot County, Maryland (hereafter “Talbot John”) and, 2) DNA analysis performed on seven male descendants of John McKenzie (b. 1687), whose DNA virtually matches an individual by the name of Jim Orem. Importantly, Jim Orem’s ancestors also lived in Talbot County at the same time as Talbot John. Twenty years ago, Jim Orem never factored into the genealogy research being conducted by the McKenzie Research Group. And, why would he? There is nothing in his paper genealogy to suggest any connection to the McKenzies of Early Maryland. Yet, fast forward twenty years and suddenly DNA analysis tells us that the Orems and the McKenzies of Early Maryland have virtually the same DNA. A myriad of questions necessarily arose.
A sampling of those questions were:
1) Was Talbot John the same person as John McKenzie (b. 1687) (“Hopson’s Choice John”) who we know patented property in 1716 in Baltimore County ultimately known as Hopson’s Choice?
2) If Talbot John and Hopson’s Choice John were not one in the same, then how were the two related, if at all, since we know three hundred years later that there is a possibility that they shared virtually the same DNA?
3) Was either of these two Johns the John MacKensey listed in the Moses Groome inventory in 1688/89 and/or in the Baltimore County Tax Records between 1699-1705?
4) Did Jim Orem’s family acquire its Y-DNA from the same stock as the McKenzies of Early Maryland while in Scotland before their emigration to America in the late 1600’s, thereby making the existence of Talbot John superfluous?
5) Did Talbot John become romantically involved with an Orem woman and beget a son who ultimately was given the Orem name?
6) Did the Orems adopt a baby of Talbot John and some unknown woman and raise him as their own?
These were but some of the questions that immediately came to mind. The following is a discussion of each of them.
A. Was Talbot John the same person as John McKenzie (b. 1687) (“Hopson’s Choice John”) who we know patented property in 1716 in Baltimore County ultimately known as Hopson’s Choice?
Answer: No. They were two different individuals.
One of the three professional genealogists hired by Ann McKenzie Stansbarger was Helen E. Seymour, whose charge was to locate all early McKenzie documentation pertaining to John McKenzie, or some spelling variation thereof, with a special emphasis on Talbot County, Maryland during the same time frame 1650-1720. The following is a list of her hits concerning John MacKenzey of Talbot County:
1) 1716 - Witnessed will of Robert Pearson of Second Creek, Talbot County. Second Creek was later renamed Broad Creek.
2) 1718 - Daniel Sherwood, planter, rights granted to Christmas Jones, with John Mackenzie, witness. Property mentioned was Anctill. Anctill was a large property owned by Daniel Sherwood. It was described as including the long neck (or turkey neck) between Harris Creek and Broad Creek. There was an Anctill Point on Broad Creek. Note: Daniel Sherwood had a farm on Broad Creek, including a tobacco warehouse and a landing (‘Daniel Sherwood’s Landing’), where tobacco from local farmers was inspected and stored while waiting to be loaded onto ships bound for England. This was one of six such warehouses in Talbot County. Ships bound to and from England were able to anchor just off Broad Creek and be loaded and unloaded from there. (get cites from Ann if she has them)
3) 1718 - John Hunt to Peter Hunt (brothers), payment to Peter (in lieu of land) in accordance with terms of their father’s will, associated with land inherited by John on Harris Creek, with John Mackenzey, witness. (get cites from Ann if she has them)
4) 1722 - March Court 1722, John Mackenzy of St Michael’s parish was fined 2,400 pounds of tobacco for selling Cider, Punch and Rum without a license. This was a violation of the Ordinance for the Regulation of Ordinaries (taverns). (get cites from Ann if she has them)
5) August 1723 - John Mackenzey appeared before the court to attest to the fact that he witnessed the exchange of payment between the Hunt brothers in 1718. Note, based on the item below, we know that John had to have been incarcerated at the time of his court appearance. (get cites from Ann if she has them)
6) September 1723 - John Mackenzey submitted a petition to the General Assembly to be released from jail on the grounds that he had been a long term prisoner and he was destitute and unable to ever be able to pay his fine. Note: Daniel Sherwood was one of the members of the Lower House of the General Assembly at the time and he is mentioned in the record as being one of the men who walked the petition between the Upper House and the Lower House. The petition was approved shortly thereafter in early October, and all fines were dismissed. This is the same Daniel Sherwood who had the warehouse and the landing. He had also been the Sheriff of Talbot County in 1709-1710. He later became a judge in the same county.
The last record located on Talbot John was in October, 1723.
Conclusion: “Talbot John” Mackenzey was living in St Michael’s parish in the area between Harris Creek and Broad Creek in approximately 1720. In 1723 he was in jail, had been a long term prisoner and was destitute. He was very possibly in the employment of Daniel Sherwood, who was one of the most powerful men in the county. Daniel Sherwood was no doubt involved in the approval of John Mackenzey’s petition to be released from jail and to have all fines dropped.
One additional fact stands out in this part of the analysis. A review of all land patents in Talbot County, Maryland from 1704 onward reveals no land patents in the name of John McKenzie/MacKensey.
At the same time Talbot John was attempting to extricate himself from jail in Talbot County, Hopson’s Choice John McKenzie (b. 1687) was accumulating various tracts of property in Baltimore County.
In January, 1716, John obtained a warrant for 100 acres of land in (then) Baltimore County. The warrant referenced that the property was called “Hopson’s Choice” and was located “on the south side of the main falls of the Patapsco River.” The index to this document is a bit misleading since it references “Hopson’s Choice – Joseph MacKinsey”. If one looks closely at the document it becomes obvious that the owner is John McKenzie (b. 1687). Also, researchers should not be confused with other tracts of land in Maryland with the name Hopson’s Choice. There are three tracts in Frederick County, Maryland with the same name. The Hopson’s Choice property of John McKenzie (b. 1687) was resurveyed in 1741 and reflected that it contained 172 acres of land. Between 1718 and 1721, John obtained a warrant for an additional 100 acres of land also located in (then) Baltimore County known as “Addition to Hopson’s Choice”. The warrant likewise stated that the property lay “on south side of the main falls of the Patapsco River.”
In March 1719, John McKenzie and nine other inhabitants “of both sides of the Main Falls of Potapsco” petitioned the court “that . . . Christopher Randall may allow us our common and ancient road”, which would allow the inhabitants to have access to the “mill and church.” It appears from the document that the inhabitants “of both sides of the Potapsco” were “very much agreeved by Xpher Randall . . . by refusing the inhabitants . . . their common and ancient road to the mill and church and obliged the said inhabitants to goe an uncommon road through bushes and mires soe that the poor inhabitants cannot go about their lawfull occasions without indangering both horse and man”. They requested from the court “that the said Christopher Randall may allow us our common and ancient road”. The petition was signed by Jos. Shewell, Joseph Harp, John Boden, Philip Sewell, James Gaskin, John Yeat, Edward Teale, John MacKinze, John Whipps and William Tucker or Tuckner.
It becomes very clear when reviewing the aforementioned real property transactions that Hopson’s Choice John and Talbot John are not one in the same. There is simply no way that Hopson’s Choice John would be accumulating property in Baltimore County and entering into road petitions at approximately the same time he was operating a tavern, being thrown in jail for a long period of time and ultimately becoming destitute.
Hopson’s Choice John next added to his property in 1726, when he acquired another 138 acres of land known as MacKinsey’s Discovery. The survey of the property once again refers to land located south of the Main Falls of the Patapsco River, which is a reference point associated with all of John’s property.
The next chronological entry for Hopson’s Choice John is found in the June term of Court in 1735 in Anne Arundel County when John MacKinsie obligated himself to raise two orphan boys, Thomas Lants, age 5 and Francis Gallahors, age 3 until they reached the age of twenty-one years. In exchange for their servitude, John was charged by the Court with the responsibility of feeding and clothing the children and making certain that the boys learned how “to read write and cast up accounts.” 
In 1744 in Anne Arundel County a survey was conducted for John McKenzie of “MacKinzie’s Discovery” Enlarged, 162 acres and a Patent was issued for the land. Once again, it referenced that the property was located “on the south side of the main falls of Patapsco River.”
B) If Talbot John was not Hopson’s Choice John, then how were the two related, if at all, since we know three hundred years later that there is a possibility that they shared virtually the same DNA?
Answer: No documentation or DNA analysis exists that provide any clue as to whether these two Johns were related. The research group knows that the DNA of the seven male Mckenzie descendants of John McKenzie (b. 1687) is just one SNP removed from that of Jim Orem. So, how is it then that Jim Orem has DNA so closely related to the DNA of the Maryland McKenzies? There are two possible explanations: 1) the Orems and McKenzies shared a common ancestor in Scotland before the two families emigrated to America in the late 1600’s and/or 2) Talbot John was related to Hopson’s Choice John (father, uncle or cousin) and spread his DNA in some fashion in Talbot County amongst the Orems. Expanding on this last possibility, Jim Orem’s paper genealogical line comprises Andrew Orem, Sr. (b. 1653), Andrew Orem, Jr. (b. 1682) and Levi Orem (b. 1712). One possibility is that Talbot John became romantically involved with the wife of Andrew Orem, Jr. and fathered Levi, or perhaps Andrew Orem, Jr. and his wife secretly adopted a baby fathered by Talbot John and some unknown woman. Regardless of how it happened, whether in Scotland or America, the DNA of the two families has become almost inextricably intertwined. As of November, 2020, Ann McKenzie Stansbarger is still attempting to connect with relatives of Jim Orem to obtain a DNA sample from them in hopes of narrowing the DNA analysis and determining when in time the SNP occurred. No definitive answer to this question is possible until additional DNA data emerges.
C) Were either Talbot John or Hopson’s Choice John “the John MacKensey” listed in the Moses Groome inventory in 1688/89 and/or in the Baltimore County Tax Records between 1699-1705?
Answer: The most probable answer to this question is that Hopson’s Choice John (b. 1687) is the same person listed in the Groome inventory and the 1699-1705 tax lists.
Based upon the research performed by both the professional genealogists and the McKenzie Research Group, there were only two John McKenzies in Maryland from the late 1600’s until the mid-1720’s – Talbot John and Hopson’s Choice John. Digging deeper into the available records, a number of people emerge who assist in identifying Hopson’s Choice John as the person most probably in the Groome inventory and the 1699-1705 tax records. They are: John Fitzredmond, Henry Carrington, Andrew Anderson and a parcel of property known as “James Pasture”. The previously referenced road petition pertaining to the dispute over the road along the Patapsco River concerning road access to Ellicott Mill also assists in cementing the determination.
Before exploring the connections between these individuals, Hopson’s Choice John and the tax lists, it is important to understand just who the colonial government considered to be a “taxable” in the time frame 1699-1705. “The definition of taxable changed slightly during these years, but it generally included free white males sixteen years of age or older, male servants earlier from age ten and after 1676 from age sixteen, and blacks of both sexes, for the same ages. (Archives, 2:399, 538-39).  (emphasis added)
If indeed the John McKenzie listed as a taxable in the Gunpowder Hundred 1699 tax records was Hopson’s Choice John, that would have placed his date of birth in 1683 or earlier as opposed to 1687 which is the date deduced from the deposition John gave in 1745. This four year difference is somewhat troublesome, but is within “spitting distance” of the deposition deduced date and sufficient to allow the analysis to continue.
The first event tying various individuals together occurs in 1698-99 when Moses Groome, Jr, releases John McKenzie (b. 1687) from the remainder of his indentureship. The following year (1699) John Mackensey appears as a “taxable” on the north side of the Gunpowder Hundred. He was living either with or nearby to Moses Groome, Jr. Then over the course of the ensuing six years, John McKenzie moved to various places within the same general vicinity. From 1702-1705, he lived near Andrew Anderson on the north side of the Patapsco River and the north side of the Back River. Andrew Anderson acquired a parcel of land by the name of James’ Pasture on the north side of the Back River from George Morris and then later sold it to John Fitzredmond circa 1709. Although the Baltimore County tax records end in 1706, if John McKenzie (b. 1687) remained on the Back River after 1709, he would have become acquainted with his new neighbor, John Fitzredmond. The following hand-drawn map shows the various “Hundreds” in the area:
That they became acquainted can be deduced from the fact that a John Mackenzey administered the estate of John Fitzredmond in Baltimore County in 1721. One of the sureties who estimated the estate was Henry Carrington. Carrington also lived on the Patapsco River and along with Hopson’s Choice John signed the petition relating to road access to the Ellicott Mill. Of course, as we know, Hopson’s Choice was on the south side of the Patapsco River and John McKenzie (b. 1687) would very much have been in favor of a new road being constructed in the area.
So, pulling together all of these documented facts results in the following historical points: 1) a John Makensey was released from his indentureship in 1698-99, 2) a John MacKensey/John MacKensy/John Makinzie was a taxable in the same area from 1699-1705, 3) this same person lived in generally the same area where ultimately John Fitzredmond acquired property, 4) from 1716-1726 a John MacKenzie acquired multiple parcels of property that ultimately become known as Hopson’s Choice, 5) in 1719 a John Mackinze and John Maccaney along with Henry Carrington signed a petition in connection with road access along the Patapsco River, and, finally, 6) in 1721 a John Mackenzey and Henry Carrington participated in the administration of the estate of John Fitzredmond. Given that there were only two John McKenzies living in the Maryland Colony during this same time frame, and that Talbot John McKenzie was about to go to jail, or already in jail, for operating an illegal tavern in Talbot County, leads one to the most probable conclusion that the “John McKenzie” involved in all of the aforesaid historical events was John McKenzie (b. 1687), the progenitor of the McKenzies of Early Maryland.
If the aforementioned analysis has appropriately concluded that Hopson’s Choice John was indeed the same person named in Moses Groome, Sr.’s will and the same individual listed in the Taxable’s List from 1699-1705, it is not unusual at all that our original ancestor in the New World started out as an indentured servant (hereafter “servant(s)” in Maryland. Between 1634 and 1681, 70-85% of all emigrants to the Chesapeake arrived as servants. Most servants tended to be younger, less often skilled, more likely to be illiterate and generally of lower social standing. They came predominantly “from the middling classes: farmers and skilled workers, the productive groups in England’s working population.”
When thoughts turn to marriage and family, “Maryland colonists of marriageable age were peculiarly lacking in family ties. Most had come as indentured servants, and even among the free emigrants there were few family groups. When the immigrants left Europe, their break with their families was usually complete. Few of them expected to return to the Old World, and probably there was little communication with relatives left behind.”
Given the somewhat low social status and the possible absence of family, servants also started with very little once they had fulfilled their term of service. “If they lived to complete their terms, indentured servants entered Chesapeake society without any belongings except their “freedom dues”, which in Maryland consisted of clothing, an axe and a hoe, and three barrels of corn, all due from the former master.” When one steps into the shoes of John McKenzie in 1699 when he was released from his indentureship and faced the hurdles referenced above, it is all the more amazing that he ultimately acquired hundreds of acres of land that he was able to devise to his children at his death.
John McKenzie signed his will on 17 MAR 1758. He died sometime between March, 1758 and 17 JUL 1758, when his widow Katherine, and his children Daniel, Moses and Michael (and Aquila Randall) posted bond as sureties to inventory his estate. In his will, John Mackinzie bequeathed to his son Daniel 96 acres out of two tracts called “Hopson’s Choice” and “Addition to Hopson’s Choice”, to his son Moses, 96 acres, part of a tract called “McKenzie’s Discovery”, to his grandson Michael McKenzie Mattox/Mattocks, son of John Mattocks and Anne McKenzie Mattocks, his wife, 50 acres, part of a tract called “Hopson’s Choice”, to his grandson William McKenzie, son of Aaron McKenzie, 96 Acres of “McKenzie’s Discovery” with the remainder of his land, 96 acres, to his son, Michael. The will mentions by name five children only, again, as previously stated, with no reference to Gabriel. Item six, however, provides that all personal property to go to his wife Katherine during her life and then to be sold and the money divided equally between his six (6) children, viz. five sons and one daughter.
The following map reflects the general location of the parcels devised by John McKenzie (b. 1687) in his will and referenced in the preceding paragraph. It was created by Dick MacKenzie after an extensive amount of tedious work trying to piece together various land descriptions. Note the general location of the Falls on the Patapsco River. Hopson’s Choice was located south of the river. Also note the “A, B and C, which represent parcels of property later acquired by John’s son, Daniel (b. 1717) in the 1770’s, MacKenzie’s Hills, MacKenzie’s Neglect, MacKenzie’s Pleasure, MacKenzie’s Angle and MacKenzie’s Loss. Finally, McKenzie Road (represented by the red line) still exists today in Howard County, Maryland.
By 1761 John’s estate had been probated and the title to his land had passed to his heirs. A Proprietor’s rent book entry from that year reflects the following individuals and the amount of land that they owned: Daniel MacKenzie 96 acres, Moses MacKenzie 96 acres, Michael McKenzie Mattacks 50 acres, William MacKenzie 96 acres and Michael MacKenzie 96 acres. This list of new owners tracks the bequests in John McKenzie’s Will.
On 2 APR 1776 John’s grandson, William McKenzie, son of Aaron, sold to Greenbury Randall 96 acres of “McKenzie’s Discovery”. The parties agreed that 1/4 acre “at the head of the great falls on the Petapsico (sic) River where John MacKenzie and his wife are buried” will be reserved. Obviously, by 1776, Katherine McKenzie also had died. This property is now in Howard County, Maryland, across the river from Baltimore County.
In December 2010, with the assistance of Google Maps, the original McKenzie property was located north-northwest of Ellicott City, Maryland. The location on the map coincides with the references in all of the various early deeds which stated that the land was located south of the main falls of the Patapsco River. The author has never been able to locate the “great falls of the Patapsco River” or the graves of John and Katherine. Based upon research involving the Patapsco River and surrounding area, the river basin has been subjected to extensive, serious flooding over the past three hundred years, which has considerably changed the topography and caused the Patapsco to become extensively silted. As a result the precise location of John and Katherine’s graves may never be known. The general area, however, can be surmised from the maps and discussion which appear in Chapter 3.
As previously mentioned, in 1745, John McKenzie provided a deposition in connection with the boundary of a property known as the Yeates Contrivance. In addition to assisting in establishing his birth year (notwithstanding the earlier discussion as to whether the date was entirely accurate), it also provides us with one of the clearest examples of John’s mark and is set forth below. Although this is a copy of the original document, the author has compared it with other documents “signed” by John and the facsimile is very accurate.
Since there will be many references to religion in the pages to follow, especially Catholicism, the author directs the reader to Appendix F, Religion in the Scottish Highlands: 1600-1650, which is an article sent to the author by Jean Bloss Weld in November, 2013. Based upon the knowledge the author has gleaned over time concerning the religious upheavals that were going on in Scotland in the 1600’s, the article appears to appropriately summarize the travails experienced by Scottish Catholics in the 17th century to maintain their faith. Although the author has found no definitive documentation to prove which faith John McKenzie followed, there are numerous references to Catholicism throughout the remainder of the book.
The children are listed here in the same order reflected in John McKenzie’s will dated March, 1758, with the exception that Gabriel is discussed first as the oldest son. In addition to a discussion of each child, there follows immediately after each child a discussion of the wife and children (if known) of each of the six children. Thereafter, the reader will need to visit the McKenzies of Early Maryland web site to view subsequent generations because the tree’s branches grow so quickly after the third generation that it becomes mind-boggling to try to include the information here.
Gabriel McKenzie was born abt. 1715 in eastern Maryland. The author has not been able to locate a document that establishes the date of his birth. Some genealogists ascribe Hopson’s Choice (John McKenzie’s property in Baltimore County (now Howard County)) as Gabriel’s birthplace. As was reflected earlier, his father, John, did not acquire that property until 1716 so those references may be in error if Gabriel’s aforementioned birth year is correct. Suffice it to say, we know John was starting to acquire property in Baltimore County in the time period generally believed to encompass Gabriel’s birth, so it is a safe assumption to conclude that Gabriel was born in that general area or at least lived on Hopson’s Choice during part of his life.
Gabriel married Sarah Durbin in 1742, the date identified by previous genealogists, although the author has never been able to find a marriage document or church reference to substantiate the date of that union. Sarah apparently was the first child of Samuel and Ann (Logsdon) Durbin. She was born September 19, 1724 in a log cabin near Westminster, Maryland., now Carroll County, Maryland, relatively close to the original McKenzie property.
According to previous genealogists, they had eight children: Anne, John, Michael, Samuel, Daniel, Gabriel, Jr., Aaron and Sarah Ann. Because the author, and the McKenzie Research Group, have never been able to locate a will for Gabriel McKenzie, the effort to positively identify Gabriel’s children begins with an analysis of the 1778 Washington County, Maryland Oaths of Fidelity. A “Gabriel “MacKenzie” along with three other “MacKenzies”, Samuel, Daniel and Aaron, are listed in that document.
The Oath of Fidelity (or Allegiance) is a helpful tool for genealogists to understand where individuals were living in the 1770’s. It was instituted by Laws of Maryland 1777, Chapter 20, An Act for the Better Security of Government. Every free male 18 years and older was required to subscribe to an oath renouncing the King of England and to pledge allegiance to the revolutionary government of Maryland. Those already engaged in military service were assumed to be loyal. Quakers, Mennonites, and Dunkards were permitted to affirm. There were several penalties associated with failure to obey the instructions of the Act. Magistrates neglecting to keep books and transmit them to the Governor were to be fined 500 pounds. Persons expected to take the oath who did not do so were required, for the rest of their lives, to pay triple the ordinary tax on real and personal property. They were forbidden to exercise and practice the trade of merchandise or to practice the law, physic or surgery, or the art of an apothecary, or to preach or teach the gospel, or to teach in public or private schools, or to hold or exercise within the State of Maryland, any office of profit or trust, civil or military, or to vote at any election of electors or senators, or of delegates to the house of delegates. Oaths were to be administered by the magistrates of each county before March 1, 1778. One list of those who subscribed to the oath was to be kept at the county court and another sent to the governor and Council in Annapolis.
Five years later by the time of the 1783 Maryland Tax Assessment, there was a Gabriel McKinsey listed as being in Wills Town and Sandy Creek Hundred, Washington County (now Allegany County). Five other McKinseys were listed in the same document: Samuel, Daniel, Aaron, John were listed immediately below Gabriel, Sr. on page 17, while Gabriel Jr., also of Wills Town and Sandy Creek Hundred, was listed separately on page 64 under the heading of “Bachelors.” Gabriel, Jr.’s last name was spelled McKisay and the other five all reflected a last name of “McKinsey” except for Gabriel Sr. whose named was spelled “McKinsay”.
Naturally the question arises as to who were Samuel, Daniel, Aaron, John and Gabriel, Jr.? Since Gabriel, Sr. did not leave a will, one must embark upon a process of elimination to try to ascertain their identity. Going through the list of John McKenzie’s (b. 1687) children, we know from the Will of Daniel MacKenzie (b. 1717), Gabriel’s brother, and from real estate transactions involving Daniel’s sons that they never migrated west of current Frederick County, Maryland. Although Frederick County at the time encompassed all of western Maryland including Washington, Allegany and Garrett counties, some of the land owned by Daniel, which passed to his descendants is located in what today is Carroll County, Maryland. Aaron McKenzie (b. 1723-1727), another one of Gabriel’s brothers, and his family moved to Virginia and then onto Georgia. They were ensconced there by the mid-1780’s. Michael (b. abt. 1727), another brother referenced in John’s will, (who as of the date of this writing this chapter is the most elusive and hard to document, but nonetheless documentation exists to prove his existence) appears to have stayed in central Maryland. The sons of Gabriel’s final brother, Moses (b. abt. 1720), are well documented based upon their Revolutionary War service and their names do not coincide with the above names on the 1783 Tax List. Gabriel’s sister, Anne, married John Mattox/Mattocks and ultimately moved to Georgia. The men listed on both the Oath of Fidelity and 1783 Tax Lists obviously had McKenzie for a last name so they weren’t offspring of Ann and John Mattox. Based upon the aforementioned elimination process, one conclusion that can be reached is that the other males listed along with Gabriel were his sons, who migrated with him to western Maryland and were living there when some of them took the Oath of Fidelity in 1778 and later when the Tax List of 1783 was compiled.
Since a man had to be 18 years of age or older to take the Oath, this is an indication that the Samuel, Daniel and Aaron on the Washington County list all were born prior to 1760. The five year spread between 1778 and 1783 suggests that Gabriel, Jr. and John came of age during that time period to be included on the tax list but not on the Oath of Fidelity list.
Previous researchers have suggested that Gabriel had a son Michael and a daughter Anne. The author has not been able to find any documentation supporting their existence. Michael does not appear in the 1778 Oath of Allegiance lists nor in the 1783 Tax List for Washington (later Allegany ) County, Maryland. “Anne” remains totally elusive. Future research may establish a family connection.
Unfortunately, one must embark upon this type of process of elimination with respect to Gabriel, Sr.’s children, because of the absence of a will.
Gabriel did leave, however, an extensive trail of real estate transactions across the State of Maryland. On 5 NOV 1743, Gabriel McKenzie had a survey recorded for “Gabriel’s Choice”. This tract lay southwest of Westminster Maryland, on the west side of Mt. Airy Road, between the tracts of James and Thomas Wells. The operative words of the document stated that the land was located in Baltimore County, which given the date is consistent with the fact that Frederick County (where the land is situated today) was formed from Baltimore County and Prince George’s County in 1748. It further states that Gabriel MacKenzie (actual spelling) had received a common warrant for 100 acres of land from “His Lordship’s Land Office dated the 17 Day of March, 1742 and that Gabriel was a resident of Ann Arundell County (actual spelling). The legal description reads: “ I, Thomas White, Deputy Surveyor of Baltimore County have laid out for the said Gabriel MacKinzie (actual spelling) a Tract of Land lying in Baltimore County Beginning at the bounded white oaks standing on a plain near the Indian Road near a branch of the Little Pipe Creek . . . [followed by the degrees and perches] and laid out for 100 hundred acres more or less to be ___ of the Mannor of Baltimore by the name of Gabriel’s Choice.”The land patent itself was formally issued on the “1st Day of December 1743 by Thomas Bladen, Your Lieutenant General and Chief Governor of our said Province of Maryland, Chancellor & Keeper of the Great Seal thereof.”
Per Thomas Scharf, Frederick County was not a safe place for Colonial settlers at the time Gabriel purchased and owned the property.
“In the French and Indian War which ensued after the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle in 1749, between England and France, Maryland became involved mainly in self-defense, and though she was to share none of its spoils, her people were destined to suffer from many of the dangers and hardships it brought in its train. Even before Braddock’s defeat, bands of Indians were making forays into Frederick County burning houses and slaughtering the inhabitants. After Braddock was defeated by the French on the 9th of July, 1755, and the retreat of Col. Dunbar with the remainder of the British Army to Philadelphia, the whole northern and western frontier of the province was thrown open to the Indians. Measures of defense were almost immediately adopted, but even had they sufficed for the complete protection of the wide territory to be guarded, they would scarcely have allayed the terror which had taken possession of the frontier settlers. The alarm inspired by Braddock’s defeat and by the advance of the French and Indians was so great that many inhabitants of the western settlements fled to Baltimore, and preparations were even made by the people of that town to place the women and children on board the vessels in the harbor and send them to Virginia”.
Picking back up with Gabriel’s known historical documents in chronological order, in June 1750 Gabriel sued John White for cutting down the oak trees which marked the beginning of “Gabriel’s Choice.”
On 18 JUN 1754, Gabriel MacKinzee purchased 50 acres “Small Addition” from James (a later deed for the same property refers to the seller as John White) and Margaret White of Frederick County (Frederick County having been formed six years earlier in 1748). The name reflected in the records is Gabriel MacKinzee, who was reflected as also being from Frederick County. He paid 14 Pounds Current Money for the property. The legal description begins: Beginning at two bounded red oaks near the head of the Little Pipe Creek . . . and laid out for 50 acres more or less. The land was located in Frederick County. The reference to “Little Pipe Creek” in both the patent for Gabriel’s Choice and in the deed for “Small Addition” suggests that the parcels may have been contiguous.
On 14 JUL 1755, Gabriel McKenzie, planter of Frederick County, and his wife Sarah deeded to Nicholas Rodgers 200 acres, part of a “Resurvey of Gabriel’s Choice”.
Roughly, during this particular time frame in the late 1750’s, and based upon a book “Mt. Savage” written by Mary Miller Bowen in 1953, we know that:
As time went by the Indian was making his final stand in the Allegheny Mountains. Their fierce resistance gave two of the ranges their names, Big Savage and Little Savage. However, by 1759 there were a few Indians left who refused to go west with their tribe and stayed and remained on friendly terms with the white settlers. Many people had already moved into these beautiful hills and valleys. The Arnolds, Frosts, Mattinglys, Porters, Workmans, Logsdons, McKenseys and Deans were among the first to clear off large sections and become our first citizens. A little hamlet grew up at the foot of Little Savage and was called Arnolds Settlement and in 1763 when Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon surveyed the dividing line between Pennsylvania and Maryland it definitely placed the Arnold Settlement of the Free State of Maryland in Southern Territory. Many who owned lands added to their acreage by fighting in the Revolutionary War.
Other Revolutionary Soldiers came after the war taking up their allotted fifty acres the Government gave them. The Trimbles, Brailers, Coombs and many others came here at that time. All new settlers were welcomed and neighborly feeling prevailed. Each helped the other clear lands, build log and stone houses and stables, and in general helped to get settled. The children of these early settlers intermarried and took their place in a growing community. They are proud of their heritage and justly so.
On October 6, 1764, Gabriel MacKenzie of Frederick County secured a patent for 19 acres of land in Frederick County called Addition to Gabriel’s Choice. The recitations at the beginning of the deed/patent state as follows: “By virtue of a Warrant granted out of his Lordship’s Land Office of the Province to Daniel MacKenzie and John Logsdon of Ann Arundel County for seventy five acres of land bearing date 17th of January, 1764, which said warrant is assigned to Gabriel MacKenzie of Frederick County, etc.” Since Daniel MacKenzie is not known to have had a child by the name of Gabriel, the only conclusion that can be drawn from the assignment of this patent is that Daniel MacKenzie and John Logsdon were assigning a portion of their seventy five acres to Daniel’s brother, Gabriel. The Logsdon connection is an interesting fact in view of the fact that Gabriel’s wife, Sarah, had a Logsdon connection, since she was the daughter of Anne Logsdon and Samuel Durbin.
On 28 Jun 1769, Gabriel McKinsey of Frederick County sold to William Buchanan 80 acres more or less of the property known as the “Resurvey of Gabriel’s Choice”. The sale price was 66 Pounds. The deed reflects that the property consisted of a portion of the “Resurvey of Gabriel’s Choice” which was patented to Gabriel on the twenty third day of July, 1755. The deed further reflected that Sarah McKinsey, wife of Gabriel, released her dower rights after having been examined out of the presence of her husband and did so “freely and voluntarily not being induced or compelled thereto by any threats of or ill usage from her said husband or fear of his displeasure.”
On 7 APR 1772, Gabriel McKenzie sold three parcels of land in Frederick County totaling 147 acres to George Devilbess for the sum of 310 Pounds. The three tracts included: (1) part of the original tract of “Gabriel’s Choice” and part of the “Resurvey of Gabriel’s Choice” (78 acres), (2) the “Small Addition” originally conveyed by John (sic) White to Gabriel in 1754 (50 acres) and which contains the reference to the “head of Little Pipe Creek” as referenced above and (3) a final tract entitled “Addition to Gabriel’s Choice”. Gabriel was listed as being a farmer residing in Frederick County, which coincides with the time line established by the Oath of Fidelity that Gabriel took in Washington County in 1778.
In the Transcript of Taxables for the County of Bedford, Pennsylvania (1773 to 1784) the names Gabriel McKinny and Samuel McKinsey appear in 1775 as being present in Bedford Township, Pennsylvania. The document states in its prefatory remarks that the most valuable aspect of these papers is that it supplies a form of census of the inhabitants for the area taken during the years 1773 to 1784. Since the document just lists the names, it is impossible to tell if they are references to Gabriel McKenzie and his son, Samuel. When one looks at a map today and locates Bedford Township (assuming the lines have not changed) the township is a quite a bit north of the Mason Dixon line although not too great a distance to make it impossible for these references to pertain to our ancestors.
Continuing chronologically, on 2 MAR 1778 in Washington County, Maryland (Allegany County had not yet been formed), four McKenzies, including Gabriel and Aaron, Daniel and Samuel, who we previously surmised/concluded were three of Gabriel’s sons, took the Oath of Fidelity required of all patriot males. It read as follows:
OATH OF FIDELITY AND SUPPORT
I do swear I do not hold myself bound to yield any Allegiance or obedience to the King of Great Britain his heirs or Successors and that I will be true and faithful to the State of Maryland and will to the utmost of my power, Support, maintain and defend the freedom and Independence thereof and the Government as now established against all open enemies and secret and traterous Consperaces and will use my utmost endeavours to disclose and make known to the Governor or some one of the judges or Justices thereof all Treasons or Traterous Consperaces, attempts or Combinations against this State or the Government thereof which may come to my Knowledge so help me God
The oath was administered by Andrew Bruce and the return made as follows:
The Worshipful Andrew Bruce Returns:
Washington County, 2nd March, 1778. I certify to the Honorable the Governor and Council, that the within persons gave their affirmation to and subscribed the Oath of Fidelity to the State of Maryland according to the Act of Assembly and that this is a true Copy of the Book kept by me for that purpose and delivered to the Clerk of this County as ordered.
As mentioned previously, Gabriel and his sons, Aaron, Samuel, John, Daniel and Gabriel, Jr. also were listed in the 1783 Washington County (later Allegany County) Tax List, as follows:
On 6 AUG 1785 Gabriel MacKinzie of Washington County sold to Henry Hoover a parcel of property located in Frederick County called “Mount Pleasant” containing 47 acres. The legal description reflected that the beginning of metes and bounds description began at the end of the “fifteenth line of Gabriel’s Choice” and ran from that location. The deed reflected that Sarah once again relinquished her dower rights. One of the Justices of the Peace who acknowledged the deed was Andrew Bruce, who during the Revolutionary War, administered the Oath of Fidelity to Gabriel McKenzie and his sons.
The aforementioned deed contains one of the best examples of Gabriel McKenzie’s Mark, as reflected below:
On 25 April 1792, Gabriel McKinsey provided Leigh Master of Frederick County with a release of dower in connection with the previously discussed land transaction in June, 1769 between Gabriel and William Buchanan. Apparently, Sarah’s dower rights were not properly released at the time of the original transaction and the new owner wanted to obtain a clear title. The Release Deed reflected that Gabriel and Sarah were residents of Allegany County. The deed is a critical piece of connecting evidence which proves that both Gabriel and Sarah McKenzie were still alive as of April, 1792 and living in Allegany County, Maryland.
The last known land transaction potentially involving Gabriel McKenzie occurred in connection with a patent involving land west of Fort Cumberland.. In November 2010, Michael McKenzie of Barrelville, Maryland provided the author with a copy of the patent issued by the State of Maryland to Gabriel McKenzie. According to Michael, the patent was difficult to locate because the property actually was patented to Peter Mayors (Majors) on May 23, 1803, although the patent itself reflects that the property was surveyed for Gabriel McKinney (actual spelling). Per the documents, Gabriel appeared before the Honorable Andrew Bruce, one of the Justices of the Peace of Allegany County, Maryland on May 16, 1792 and conveyed the fifty acres of land comprising lot number 3365 to Peter Mayors (Majors). The lot was described as being in the “reserved land west of Fort Cumberland”, which was part of the land reserved by the Maryland legislature as compensation for soldiers who volunteered to assist with the war effort. Gabriel McKenzie must have received title to his land as a result of having settled upon it before the land in the area was designated by the Maryland Legislature to be distributed to veterans of the Revolutionary War in compensation for their service during the war since the author is not aware of any documents in existence that reflect that Gabriel, Sr. served during the war inasmuch as he would have been in the vicinity of sixty years old. That document appears on page 3 of 5 in the 1803 Peter Majors patent. On page 4 of 5 in the same patent, on May 17, 1803, another document signed by Thomas Harwood, Jr. acknowledged and swore that “Gabriel Mckinsey, a settler westward of Fort Cumberland paid the purchase money for lot 3365”. Yet another unsigned document associated with this entire group of documents states that “Gabriel McKinney settler on Lot 3365 assigned to Peter Mayors (Majors) the Patent [with respect to the land] on the 23rd May 1803”.
Ann Stansbarger performed some analysis with respect to the May 1792 deed and concluded that the “Gabriel” involved in the transaction with Peter Majors was Gabriel, Jr. and not his father. In previous land transactions, Gabriel, Sr. signed documents with his mark, which was a very distinct “G” as reflected on the previous page. In comparing previous deeds with the one signed in 1792, she concluded that the mark on the deed was that of Gabriel, Jr. In addition, there is no reference to Sarah in the May, 1792 deed which suggests that she had died by then as well.
Coming on the heels of the 25 April 1792 deed where Gabriel McKenzie provided Leigh Master with a release of dower in connection with the 1769 land transaction, the May 1792 Allegany County deed makes one scratch his head if one assumes that the land belonged to Gabriel, Sr.. Did Gabriel and Sarah die between April 25 and May 16, 1792? If so, what would have empowered Gabriel, Jr. to sell his father’s land three weeks later? Did the land referenced in the May 1792 deed actually belong to Gabriel, Sr. or was it Gabriel, Jr.’s land and his to sell? The latter seems the most likely conclusion
The author has not been able to locate any other documents concerning Gabriel, Sr. or his wife, Sarah after the April, 1792 deed with Leigh Master. No prior genealogists appear to have located a will. Nor has anyone ever reported the location of a final resting place for Gabriel and his wife or discovered a church record as to when and where they died.
The same Michael McKenzie of Barrelville, Maryland has pinpointed the location of the Gabriel McKenzie/Peter Majors land patent. In these days of Google Maps, he did a fantastic job of locating the precise piece of property. The link to the Google Maps location for the property can be found at (press Ctrl + Click to follow the link to the map site):
Or, paste that link into your browser and the property ultimately will appear. Michael also provided the author with a copy of the 1874 Map of Military Lots, Tracts, Escheats, etc. in Garrett County and Allegany County, Maryland. That map is located in the Media Section of the McKenzies of Early Maryland website. If you locate that map and look directly under the "i & n " in PENNSYLVANIA at the top of the page, you will see a triangular lot # 3365 just above “Bear Camp”. That is the 50 acres of land that comprised the Gabriel McKenzie land patent. If you compare the 1874 map with the current Google map, the same triangular piece of property appears. Michael McKenzie of Barrelville, Maryland wrote to the author in November, 2010 and advised: “the lot is still the same shape and is still 50 acres owned by a nice couple, Earl Lepley and his wife, who by the way is a descendant of Gabriel. She was blown away when I told her she is living on her GGGGG Grandpappys property.” Although Michael was able to locate the property, there exists the possibility, perhaps probability, as previously discussed that the land was that of Gabriel, Jr. and not that of Gabriel, Sr.
Based upon available records, it can be confidently concluded that John McKenzie’s son, Gabriel (b. abt. 1715) migrated across Maryland and ultimately ended up in the area of Allegany County, Maryland in 1792. He died sometime after April, 1792 as did his wife, Sarah.
Although extensive research has been performed on the Gabriel line and a wealth of information mined from many resources, the fact remains that we cannot be 100% certain that we have properly identified his wife, their marriage date and their children. Without a will, church records, a family Bible or some other documentation establishing that Sarah “Durbin” was his wife and the names of their children, there will always be a bit of indecision when it comes to being able to say that we made the correct conclusions that we have outlined above. In the end, Gabriel was the “nearest living relative” of John McKenzie (b. 1687) and, based upon that, in fact was the sixth unnamed child in John’s will. The “Sarah” who released her dower rights was most probably Sarah Durbin. And the analysis that follows is a “best effort” via process of elimination to identify Gabriel and Sarah’s children.
Because extensive research has been performed on the numerous offspring of John McKenzie‘s (b. 1687) six children, the author has set forth on the following pages the available information (or lack thereof) with respect to those children. All subsequent generations should be accessed via the McKenzies of Early Maryland web site. A discussion of the children of Daniel MacKenzie (b. 1717), the second child of John McKenzie (b. 1687) follows this listing of the individuals believed to have been Gabriel and Sarah Durbin’s children. Discussions of the offspring of the other four children of John and Katherine McKenzie follow in their alleged birth order.
Anne McKenzie is listed as a daughter of Gabriel and Sarah by many researchers but the author has never found any information pertaining to her. The same is true with respect to Michael McKenzie, another child who some researchers assign to them.
Quite a few documents exist with regard to Gabriel’s son, Samuel McKenzie, who was born abt. 1751. Although the name of his wife seems to have been lost to history, the names of his children have survived According to the estate papers associated with his property, his children were Samuel, John, Gabriel, Sarah Ann, Eleanor (Ellen), Polly, Jane, Catherine, Elizabeth and Moses.
Although Samuel McKenzie was listed as being a “settler” on the lands west of Fort Cumberland, which entitled him to retain the property on which he lived when the land west of Fort Cumberland was distributed to Revolutionary War veterans, he never bothered to obtain a proper patent on the land.
On 10 SEP 1814, he sold part of his lot 3369 to William Logsdon, Sr. . Per the death registry of St. Patrick’s Catholic Church, “Old Sam, aged 86” died in 1837 (which helps establish the date of his birth). As part of the procedure for settling the estate, Samuel's sons, Samuel, Gabriel and John were forced to file an equity petition in Allegany County, Maryland to obtain a patent for the two lots on which Samuel, Sr. was living (lots 3369 and 3370). The sons immediately sold these lots. The settlement papers for his estate list all of his children except Catherine and Elizabeth, who died before him without issue. Nowhere in the estate papers is a living widow of Samuel, Sr. mentioned. If a widow was alive, she would have received a 1/3rd interest in the estate per the Maryland law on descent and distribution.
One interesting deed associated with the settlement of Samuel’s estate was a conveyance in 1839 from Ellen McKenzie (who the author surmises was Samuel’s (b. 1751) daughter since no other explanation exists for Ellen conveying her interest in Samuel’s property)) to Ellen’s son, Samuel F. McKenzie (b. 1805) (the middle initial “F” is clearly discernable on the face of the deed). In that document Ellen conveyed all of her rights, title and interest to Samuel F. for and in consideration of the “natural love she bears towards her son”.
Some researchers have suggested that Samuel F. McKenzie (b. 1805) was the son of Moses Ignatius McKenzie and Anna Nancy Logue. A deed exists, however, to prove/strongly suggest that Moses and Anna were not Samuel F.’s parents. In May, 1840, in a land transaction between William Ridgely and Lewis Howell, the scrivener recorded the names of the children of Moses Ignatius McKenzie, as follows: Jeremiah, Leo, Lewis, Basil, Hilleary and Isadore. There is no reference to Samuel F. McKenzie (b. 1805) as being the son of Moses Ignatius.
One also needs to factor in a guardianship document in the Allegany County Probate Records, which has been transcribed and reads as follows:
From Allegany County, Maryland
McKINZIE, Basil, Hilary, Isadore (guardianship)
May the 13th AD 1839
To the orphan Court of allegany County MD wee[sic] are all willing that Jeremiah Mckinzie go in gardean[sic] for us and Samuel F Mckinzie and Leo Mckinzie
Securitys own names, the widow Mckinzie also is willing
Although rather cryptic, it adds one additional piece to this interesting genealogical puzzle.
In the author’s research and in that of other genealogists, there never appears to be a husband associated with Ellen McKenzie, daughter of Samuel (b. 1751). A combination of a lack of reference to a husband, the conveyance by Ellen in 1839 to Samuel F. McKenzie in consideration of the “natural love she bears towards her son”, Samuel’s usage of the last name McKenzie (as opposed to a different last name had his mother married), the deed referenced above where Samuel F. is not listed with the sons of Moses Ignatius (Ellen’s brother), along with the guardianship paper has led the author to conclude that Samuel F. McKenzie was the son of Ellen, born out of wedlock and that he was raised in such close proximity with Ellen’s brother, Moses Ignatius, that he was considered to be a son of Moses Ignatius. No other conclusion exists which would explain the reason for Samuel F. not being referenced in the 1840 deed along with the known sons of Moses Ignatius, the existence of the reference “in consideration of the “natural love she bears towards her son” that Ellen used in her deed to Samuel F. McKenzie in 1839 and the fact that Samuel F. used the last name McKenzie as opposed to something else.
There was a Samuel F. McKenzie (b. abt. 1790) who we know from the settlement documents was a son of Samuel McKenzie (b. 1751). He should not be mistaken for Ellen’s Samuel F. McKenzie. There also was another Samuel McKenzie around the same time frame (no known middle initial), son of Daniel, son of John, who is referenced in the settlement of Daniel’s estate in 1828. It is believed that Samuel married Rachel Durbin. What quickly becomes clear to any researcher of the McKenzies of early Maryland is that there were just too many Samuels . . . and Johns, Moses’ and Aarons.
Daniel McKenzie was born abt. 1752, allegedly in Frederick County, Maryland per earlier researchers, although the author can find no documentation to establish the location of his birth or that of his date of birth. He married Mary Ann Chapman 2 Dec 1779 in Washington County, Maryland. Mary Ann was born 16 Feb 1754. Together they had seven children: William, Richard, Samuel, Mary Ann, Daniel, Aaron and James Moses.
One of the oldest personal writings (as opposed to something in a public record like a deed) that the author has located connected to the McKenzie family was the page from the book Heavens Opened (1665) in which Mary Ann Chapman’s birthdate was written. It is set forth below:
Daniel McKenzie and Mary Ann Chapman moved to Allegany County before 1792 and settled on land south of Cumberland. Daniel received a Patent for the land from the State of Maryland in 1795. According to information contained in the Patent, he was able to purchase the land from the State at that time because he had originally settled on it. Pursuant to an Act of the General Assembly, as a result of having been a previous settler on the land, he was given a preference to purchase the land before it was offered to veterans of the Revolutionary War. Ultimately, he purchased Lots No. 3552, 3554 and 3569. Michael McKenzie of Barrelville, Maryland provided the author with more information concerning Daniel’s patent in November, 2010. There is a compilation of Military Lot Patents on record in the Maryland State Archives. Daniel’s patents are set forth on pages 0348 and 0349. There also is a map that reflects all of the Military Lots, Tracts and Escheats that were awarded or sold to individuals in the late 1700’s and which contains Daniel’s patented lots 3552, 3554 and 3569 located south of Cresaptown. Daniel sold some of his land (50 acres) to William Shaw in 1797. The Reverend William Shaw was a Methodist minister who settled on the site of Barton, Maryland in 1794.  He amassed an estate of 1200 acres before he died. On January 26, 1805, John Logsdon and Daniel McKinsy sold portions of lots 3568 and 3569 to Emanual Custer. Then, in 1810, Daniel McKinzie reacquired from William Shaw the same parcel of land Daniel had sold to him in 1797 (50 acres).
The Cumberland area was sparsely populated at the time Daniel McKenzie moved there. There were settlements in an area called Old Town as well as in Cumberland. Daniel McKenzie along with Gabriel McKenzie, Josiah McKenzie, Moses McKenzie and Samuel McKenzie were listed as being some of the settlers living on land lying West of Fort Cumberland. Josiah presents a bit of a conundrum. From the Deakin’s Survey 1788, List of Families Who Settled On Lots Included In The Survey Before The Lands Were Set Aside As Military Lots, Josiah McKenzie’s (actual spelling McKinsy) name appears as owning Lot 3352. Just above his name is that of Daniel McKenzie (actual spelling McKinsy) with Lots 3352, 3354 and 3369. Why Josiah would be sharing a lot with Daniel is difficult to explain. As Bobbie McKenzie stated in October, 2013 “Could he be a son who died young? A brother we didn’t know about? Why would they be sharing land? For years I thought it was a mistranslation of Joshua. Or, that brings me to another idea about Josiah considering Ann Stansbarger’s theory that when Moses 1720 died his children came west with Gabriel. Josiah could be Joshua sharing the lot with Gabriel.” We’ll probably never know since no Josiah appears again until 9 Apr 1828 when James Moses McKenzie, one of Daniel’s sons, named his son Josiah Price McKenzie. Did James Moses McKenzie name his son after an uncle, brother of his father, Daniel?
As an aside, the following paragraphs are an excerpt from the Home Page of WHILBR – Western Maryland’s Historical Library which can be accessed at http://www.whilbr.org/garrettlots/index.aspx. It contains wonderful information about various aspects of Western Maryland history including information on the military lots which are being discussed.:
“In 1777 the Maryland General Assembly in Annapolis passed An Act For Recruiting The Quota Of Troops Of This State In The American Army, And Furnishing Them With Cloathing (sic) And Other Necessaries. “Every effective recruit is to receive, besides the continental allowances, a bounty of forty dollars, a pair of shoes, a pair of stockings, and at the expiration of his term, provided he shall not desert from the army, 50 acres of land, to be procured and laid off as aforesaid, to him or his representative” (Laws of Maryland 1763-1784, page 182). Officers were to receive four lots of 50 acres each. Land was also to be granted to those who recruited soldiers to fight in the Revolutionary War.
The Assembly agreed that “all the lands in Washington County, westward of Fort Cumberland, except as in the said act is excepted, were appropriated to discharge the engagement of lands heretofore made to the officers and soldiers of this state.” The land to be allotted was that “beginning at the mouth of Savage river, and running with the north branch of Patowmack river to the head thereof, then north with the present supposed boundary line of Maryland until the intersection of an east line to be drawn from the said boundary line, with a north course from the mouth of Savage river” (Laws of Maryland 1785-1791, page 350). This land is now in Allegany and Garrett counties.
Colonel Francis Deakins was appointed to “lay out the manors, and such parts of the reserves and vacant lands belonging to this state, lying to the westward of Fort Cumberland, as he might think fit and capable of being settled and improved, in lots of fifty acres each” (Laws of Maryland 1785-1791, page 351). He, with the help of 10 surveyors, returned a general plot of the state of Maryland west of Fort Cumberland (now Cumberland in Allegany County), on which 4165 lots of fifty acres each are laid out. Deakins also found 323 families already living on 636 of these lots, and the Assembly agreed that settlers could purchase the land. Some did. For example, Joseph Warnick and his wife, Sarah, occupied lots 3836 and 3837 on Big Savage Mountain, and in 1787, George Fazenbaker was listed as a settler on Military Lot 3869 near Barton (Walt Warnick).
The Maryland auditor-general reported that there were 2475 soldiers entitled under the several acts of the legislature to the bounty of these lands. The Assembly in 1788 decreed that 2575 of the allocations should be distributed by lot among the soldiers and recruiting officers. This meant that, although Francis Deakins surveyed over four thousand parcels of land, only 2575 of them were assigned as payment for services rendered during the Revolutionary War. Of those assigned all were in what is now Garrett County, even though Deakins’ original survey included areas in western Allegany County. Only Garrett County is shown on this website, since the lots in Allegany were not used for military land grants.
The oldest known map based on Deakins’ survey was the Map of military lots, tracts, patents, etc. in western Allegany and Garrett Counties, Maryland copied from the original by Hezekiah Veatch in 1787. This map is available at the Library of Congress and there is a copy at the Ruth Enlow Library Oakland, Garrett County, Maryland.
The map used on this website is a more modern one. In 1874 the Maryland General Assembly authorized a revision of Deakins' map to remedy omissions and provide additional information. The resulting product, directed by the Land Office and signed by W.A.H., numbered all military lots and showed topography. It also indicated land that had, since 1787, reverted to the state when no legal heirs or claimants existed. The 1874 map was redrawn and reformatted in 1898 and 1935. The Western Maryland Room of the Washington County Free Library owns a copy of this map. Ed. note: the map on the web site is a very interesting interactive document that will allow any researcher interested in searching Garrett County military lots to be able to readily find them.
The list of names of those to whom land was assigned is taken from J. Thomas Scharf’s History of Western Maryland, 1882. Scharf, in addition to being a historian of note, was the Commissioner of the Land Office and so had access to the records, as the general plot and books of certificates were lodged in the Land Office.
There is no one-to-one match of names and lots. On a number of occasions, the 1874 map includes the same lot number in two areas of the map. That map seems to confuse 0s and 6s, at least as compared to the Veatch version. Scharf’s list of names occasionally assigns the same lot to more than one person. He also lists a number of people who have no assignment. Given the difficulty in transcribing the original handwriting and the number of versions of both documents over time, discrepancies are to be expected.
The information on the officers and soldiers is from Scharf. The abbreviations in rank are B, Bugler; D, Drummer; G, Gunner. M is the abbreviation for Matross, a soldier who assists artillery gunners in loading, firing, sponging and moving the guns. A number of the soldiers had been assigned to the German regiment, named possibly because Ludowick Weltner was in charge of one of the regiments.”
Picking back up with Daniel McKenzie, we find that he was taxed on his property in the early 1800’s after the legislature passed the enabling legislation for the tax to be levied. The legislature . . . passed an act appointing Andrew Bruce, Even Gywnn and Joseph Cresap to be the board of commissioners for Allegany County, and directed the commissioners of Washington County to transmit to them a list of all the real and personal properties in the new county (1789). Because the distance to Cumberland, the only voting place provided for in the Act constituting Allegany County, from Sideling Hill Creek on the east, and the Fairfax Stone on the west, was too great for the convenience of the people residing in those remote sections, in 1799 the General Assembly passed an Act for laying Allegany County off into districts. The commissioners appointed were John B. Baell, David Hoffman, Thomas Stewart, William Shaw, George Robinette and Jesse Tomlinson. The county was divided into six election districts, known as Glades, Selbyport, Westernport, Musselanes, Cumberland and Old Town.
The levy court was composed of the justices of the peace of the county. Those who signed the first levy made for Allegany County, 1791, were Daniel Cresap, Jr., Thomas Beall of Samuel, James Prather, Samuel Barritt and John Bayard, . . . the total amount of the levy was 286 pounds, 7 shillings, 7 pence. The rate of taxation was fixed at 7 shillings, 3 pence on every 100 pounds of property in the county . . . In 1804 the levy was 22 s. 11 pence per hundred pounds of property . . . It is also worthy of note that this was the last instance in which the old English money designation was used in the levy court of Allegany County. From that time on the new order of dollars and cents was followed. Thomas and Williams, History of Allegany County, V.1, page 3-8.
Per information supplied to the author by Michael McKenzie of Mt. Barrelville, Maryland in November, 2010, Daniel McKenzie was quite active in the years immediately after his relocation to the vicinity of Cumberland. According to a 1974 issue of the Heritage Press newsletter, the following was the bond contract for replacing a bridge in the Cumberland area: ―”Pursuant to an order of the Levy Court the following bond as recorded this 2nd August 1796: Know all men by these presents that we, William Logsdon, John Logsdon, Ralph Logsdon and Daniel McKinzy are bound unto David Huffman, John Graham and Patrick Murdock for 747 pounds current money of the State. The condition: William Logsdon shall do and will and truly build and finish on or before 1st September, next, a good and sufficient wagon bridge over Wills Creektown of Cumberland at the place where the bridge lately stood, the said Bridge to be at least five feet higher than the late bridge, 16 feet wide with railing three feet high; he also to keep the same in good and sufficient repair for term of seven years and to rebuilt the same if carried away or destroyed, at his own cost except he not to replace, if the water rises over the bridge.”
The 1800 census lists Daniel McKinzie living in the Upper Old Town, Georges Creek section of the county. His age was recorded as being in excess of 45 years as was his wife. There were three males at home under the age of ten, two males between ten and sixteen, one female between ten and sixteen and another female between the age of sixteen and twenty-six.
The 1810 census lists Daniel McKinsey still living in the Upper Old Town, Georges Creek area. His age once again is listed as being in excess of 45. His wife was still alive. There was one male under the age of ten living with him, two males between ten and sixteen and one male between sixteen and twenty-six. There was one female between the age of sixteen and twenty-six residing in his household.
The 1820 census lists Daniel McKinsey and his wife and two males, ages between sixteen and twenty-six residing in the Election District Number 6.  There is no record of Daniel in the 1830 census, which coincides with the fact he died in 1825. There also is no mention of his wife, Mary, as being a head of household at the time that census was taken.
On June 9, 1812 Thomas Pollard conveyed 45 acres of property to Daniel McKenzie, which was referenced on plats at the time as “Allegany Republican”. That property later became the subject of an Equity Case in Allegany County after Daniel died without leaving a will. The Equity Case lists all of Daniel’s children which were listed earlier in this section. The property was later sold by order of the Court sitting in Equity and was acquired by (James) Moses McKenzie, Daniel’s youngest son. It remained in the (James) Moses McKenzie branch of the family until approximately 1900 when it was sold to Daniel Annan and later became a dairy. Unfortunately, on approximately December 8, 1935 a fire destroyed the log cabin situated on the property that was constructed by Daniel McKenzie in the early 1800’s. An article about the fire and the history surrounding the cabin appeared in the Cumberland Times on December 15, 1935.
The newspaper article read as follows:
Settler Log Home Prey to Flames
(continued on following page)
The text reads as follows:
“The above is a picture of the McKenzie log house on Winchester Road, near Annan Knolls, destroyed a week ago by fire. It is known that the building was erected before 1800 by Daniel McKenzie, a pioneer settler. The county land records show that the large tract now comprises the former Daniel Annan Farm was patented to McKenzie in 1795 by the State of Maryland.
McKenzie, it is thought, was a soldier in the Revolutionary War and received military lots, as large tracts in the county were shown on the rough surveys. The farm was earlier known as the Moses McKenzie farm and comprised 435 acres from Cresaptown to the present Winchester railroad bridge. Moses McKenzie was a noted fox hunter and maintained a large pack of hunting dogs.
The land records show one part of the acreage termed as “Allegany Republican”, and two others, “Contest” and “Timberland”. Great stands of white pine and oak covered it. Josiah P. McKenzie, a grandson of Moses McKenzie, held title to the property until 1900 when the late Daniel Annan purchased it and improved the property and established a dairy. It was later laid out as a realty development.”
The Moses McKenzie referenced in the article above is James Moses McKenzie (b. abt. 1796) , son of Daniel McKenzie.
In 1819, Daniel McKenzie and his wife, Ann McKenzie, were the sponsors at the Baptism of William McKenzie, born February 15, 1818 to parents, Samuel McKenzie and Rachel Durbin. Samuel was Daniel’s son b. abt. 1785. The Baptism was held at St. Ignatius, the Roman Catholic Church in the Mt. Savage area, West of Cumberland, Maryland. According to material compiled by Col. Gabriel T. MacKenzie, the first McKenzies to emigrate to America were Catholic and came from Scotland. Maryland was a perfect choice for their new home after the passage of the Act of Toleration in 1649.
Daniel McKenzie died without a will in 1825. His estate was submitted for administration shortly thereafter. The administrator was his eldest son, William. The Inventory of the personal property of Daniel McKinzie was filed on 13 Sept 1825. The total value of his personal property came to $185.14. The appraisers were Joseph P. Hillsay and George Seass. The appraisal was conducted on 7 SEPT 1825. Items mentioned in the Inventory include: one auld (old) wagon, $25.00, one bee hive, $1.25, one brown mare, $12.00, 5 hoggs (sic), $11.00, 5 shoates, $5.00, one 2 year auld steer, $4.50, wheat in the straw supposed to be 25 bushels, $15.62, rye in the stack, $3.00, one acre of buckwheat, $1.00, one stack of hay, $4.50, one feather bead, beadsted and furniture, $10.00, one shot gunn and shot pouch, $6.00, etc. The First Account reflects the names of the individuals who were owed money by Daniel at the time of his death. The Second and Final Account reflects that the following individuals received money from the estate after the personal property was sold: Ann McKinsey, her one third share totaling $29.17, and dividends of $8.33 were paid to Richard McKinsey, Samuel McKinsey, Daniel McKinsey, Aaron McKinsey, Moses McKinsey, William McKinsey and Mary Myers, wife of William Myers. Interestingly, the shares were not precisely divisible. One share for $8.34 (one cent more) was given to the eldest son, William, who was serving as the administrator. Seven children were listed as having received dividends.
Both Daniel McKenzie and his wife, Mary Ann Chapman, were buried in the cemetery of St. Michael’s Catholic Church in Frostburg, Maryland
Gabriel McKenzie, (Jr.) was born (per previous researchers) abt. 1758. The author has not been able to locate any documentation to support this birth date. Gabriel. Jr. was not listed as one who took the Oath of Allegiance in 1778, but his name does appear on the 1783 Washington (later Allegany) County Tax List. Once again, bookending the two events would place his date of birth between 1761 and 1765.
He married Ann Maddox and ultimately migrated to Knox County, Ohio. Per earlier researchers, they had the following children: Aaron, Hannah (Helen), John, Nathaniel, Elizabeth, Gabriel D. and James Moses. Gabriel died abt. 1832 in Knox County, Ohio.
Josephine (Jody) Moeller, Saint Charles, Illinois (firstname.lastname@example.org) has personally researched, and commissioned research by a genealogist, on this branch of the McKenzies. Her perspective was via Fayette County, Illinois where a number of the children of Gabriel, Jr. and their spouses are buried. From records on Find-a-Grave, we know that Gabriel, Jr.’s son, Aaron’s wife, Maria Logue, is buried in Fayette County, as is her sister, Nancy Ann Logue, who married Aaron’s brother, Gabriel D. (b. abt. 1801). In addition, Hester Sapp, wife of (James) Moses McKenzie (b. abt. 1804) also migrated to Fayette County and is buried there. Josephine's information is believed to substantially update that which was published in Fayette Facts, Vol. 3, No. 4, pages 62-63 (1974), taking the family back an additional two generations, and forward.
According to Josephine, the McKenzie family came to Fayette County, Illinois via the Ohio migration of the Logue and Durbin families. Josephine writes, "To me, the preponderance of the evidence suggests that our Gabriel (1758-1832) was the son of Gabriel McKenzie (1715 - 1793) and Sarah Durbin. The most telling evidence is the Maryland Tax List of 1783 which shows a second Gabriel as a bachelor, on a different page, from the rest of the family.
Based primarily upon the Oath of Fidelity taken 1n 1778 by Gabriel McKenzie, and who we surmise were his sons, Samuel, Daniel and Aaron McKenzie, a conclusion can be drawn that Aaron was born in 1760 or before. He is listed both as having taken the oath of Fidelity in 1778 and in the 1783 Tax Records of Washington (later Allegany) County.
Aaron McKenzie married Mary Durbin, date and location unknown.
Aaron McKenzie appeared in the 1793 Tax List of Allegany County as having 50 acres of land in the Wills Town third district.
An Aaron McKenzie is located in the 1800 Allegany County, Maryland census for Wills Town, page 23, along with the following groupings of individuals 1 male born between 1755-84; 1 male between 1774-84; 3 males between 1790-1800; 1 female between 1790-1800; 1 female between 1784-90; 1 female between 1774-84; 1female between 1755-84. It appears that this Aaron was living next to Samuel Durbin. If this Aaron in fact was the son of Gabriel McKenzie, he would have been living next to the father (Samuel Durbin, Jr. b. 1727) of his wife, Mary Durbin.
An Aaron McKenzie also appears in the 1810 Allegany County, Maryland census for the 4th District, page 45, as follows: 1male before 1765; 2 males under 10; 1 male 10-16; 1male 16-26; 2 females 10-16;1 female 16-26; (living next to Elias Majors; and on page 43 appears Comfort Durbin, who would have been the mother of Aaron’s wife, Mary Durbin.)
Aaron McKenzie and his wife, Mary were involved in a real estate transaction with James and Fanny Parker in 1812.
Bobbie McKenzie is the McKenzie researcher who performed the vast majority of the research with respect to Aaron. She has identified an Aaron McKenzie across the border in Washington County, Pennsylvania in the 1790 census and an Aaron McKenzie who witnessed the will of Moses Porter in 1794. She concludes that these references are to the Aaron of Gabriel, Sr. She also hypothesizes that since she could never identify any children for Aaron and Mary that perhaps the “David, Jesse, Caleb and Jonathan that researchers have had trouble placing” were in fact the offspring of Aaron McKenzie and Mary Durbin. Reviewing the census data above for 1810, there are four boys listed in the household of that Aaron.
John McKenzie allegedly was born abt. 1765, per previous researchers, although once again the author has not been able to find any records substantiating his birth year or birth location. The fact that he was not listed as a person taking the Oath of Fidelity in 1778 supports that he was not 18 years of age by that date. Also, the fact that he is listed on the 1783 Tax List for Washington County is proof that he had to be at least 18 years old as of 1783. Those two lists would place his birth date between 1761 and 1765. He married Lindy (Melinda) Porter (per previous researchers, date and location of marriage unknown to the author). They had the following children: Aaron, John A., Daniel H., Henry W., Gabriel M., Samuel E., Sarah M. ”Sally”, Marjorie, Melinda, Ruth and Margaret (again per previous researchers inasmuch as the author has never researched this branch). Although the author has not researched this branch personally, he understands that John migrated to Kentucky and is believed to have died in Madison, Kentucky. Many of John’s descendants spell their name “McKinzie”. (When researching names on the McKenzies of Early Maryland web site, do not forget to try various spelling variations when researching a particular branch.)
Sarah Ann McKenzie, allegedly a daughter of Gabriel Sr. and Sarah Durbin per previous researchers, was born abt. 1765. Needless to say to experienced McKenzie genealogists, identifying the female children of Gabriel McKenzie and his wife Sarah has been more difficult than identifying the male children. We know from the available records that a Sarah McKenzie married Moses McKenzie, the Revolutionary War soldier and son of Moses McKenzie (b. abt. 1720) in December 1784 in Hampshire County, Virginia (now West Virginia) on the other side of the Potomac River from Allegany County, Maryland before Father James Frambach, S.J. (Society of Jesus). Lucy M. Vicker of Allegany County, Maryland aged 69 submitted an affidavit stating that she “was present at the marriage of Moses McKenzie and Sarah McKenzie the latter also being named McKenzie”.
The question naturally arises: who were Sarah’s parents? Of course, we can safely conclude that Moses did not marry his own sister. Since we know that Gabriel Sr.’s brother, Aaron McKenzie, one of the five sons of John McKenzie (b. 1687) moved to Virginia and later to Georgia, and that, other than Gabriel, Sr., none of the other male offspring of John McKenzie (b. 1687) moved their families to western Maryland, a logical inference can be drawn from the factual record that Sarah McKenzie was the daughter of Gabriel McKenzie and Sarah Durbin. BUT, that would have meant that Sarah was a first cousin to Moses the RW soldier at the time they married.
Ray Leidinger explains the difficulty of obtaining permission to consummate a marriage between Catholics who are such close family members on the frontier in the 1780’s.
“Father Frambach, Frambaugh, etc. was a Jesuit priest who traveled the western sections of Maryland, Pennsylvania and Virginia as a circuit-rider to serve the Catholic population in the 1780’s.
Frambach related that on more than one occasion as he was fording the Potomac River he was shot at by the irate Virginians who resented his trespass as forbidden by the Old Dominion State law. Priests serving western Maryland and surrounding areas during this time often traveled in disguise, as they were constantly threatened. Other circuit-riders in the area during this period were Dominicans and Sulpicians.
This was a time of great confusion. The Articles of Confederation loosely united the thirteen states, and each state had a great deal of control over the lives of their citizens, including which religious denominations were allowed to function within their territory.
The first diocese in the English-speaking colonies – Baltimore – was not established until 1789 and its first Bishop, John Carroll, did not begin his duties until the mid-1790’s. Prior to this, the ranking Catholic Bishop of England had authority over the church in the United States, making it difficult, if not impossible, to receive a dispensation permitting a marriage in the first degree of consanguinity in America. Frambach would not have had the authority to grant such a dispensation.
Due to politics between European Catholic monarchs and the Pope, on August 16, 1773, Pope Clement XIV dissolved the Jesuit Order throughout the world. The Jesuits were not restored in the United States until 1805. During the 32 years of the Jesuits’ “non-existence” there was no chain of command for former Jesuits, who remained priests, in which to process requests for dispensations. The few priests who served in the western Maryland area in the 1780’s often acted as “free agents”.
All of these factors combine to create an atmosphere of organizational chaos. It is quite likely that a dispensation was not requested in connection with the marriage of Moses McKenzie and Sarah McKenzie.
Although there may have been a potential impediment vis-à-vis the church, the available proof seems to suggest that Sarah was the daughter of Gabriel and married her first cousin, Moses.”
This concludes the discussion of the children of Gabriel McKenzie and his wife, Sarah Durbin. Since Gabriel did not leave a will, the process of elimination utilized above leaves some question as to whether the children listed actually were his children. That question will remain until some form of written proof emerges.
Daniel MacKenzie, the second child of John McKenzie (b. 1687) was born in Hopson’s Choice, Baltimore County, Maryland about 1717. Early genealogists have indicated that Daniel MacKenzie married Mary (Molly) Porter in 1738, but there is no known documentation to support that claim. Bobbie Holt McKenzie, during her early years of researching the McKenzie family, located information in a book about The History of Carroll Co. (formerly Frederick Co., MD) which indicated that a Daniel MacKenzie married Ann Mitchell 11 Aug 1746 in Frederick Co. and lived in the Great Pipe Creek area. “Molly’s Fancy” was in the Pipe Creek area, but wasn’t surveyed until some 12 years later. If Ann Mitchell was in fact the first wife of Daniel, it is probable that at least the first 3 sons (Henry, Daniel and Eli) were by this wife, and that Mary (Molly) Porter, his wife at the time of his death, was the mother of Aaron and perhaps one or more of the daughters, and, based on the name of the tract of land “Molly’s Fancy,” had been his wife since at least 1758.
Daniel had eight children: Daniel, Jr., Henry, Eli, Orphay, Honour, Mary, Eleanor and Aaron, who will be discussed following this section.
Much of what we know about Daniel comes to us from those age-old trustworthy sources: his real estate transactions and his will. Both the extent of his holdings and the clarity of his will allow us to identity all of his children and with respect to his daughters, their husbands: Will of February 1783, “divides [700?] acres of "Molly's Fancy," other land and personal property among wife Mary and eight children. Henry, Daniel, Eli, Honor [Mrs. Thomas Johnton], Mary [later Mrs. William Jones], Eleanor [later Mrs. Joshua Harp], and Orphay [Mrs. Joshua Young] receive 100 A each (of "Molly's Fancy") in Dist. #6, Frederick Co. Son Aaron is given all land owned in Anne Arundel co. upon the death of Daniel's widow Mary.”
Daniel was the only one of John’s sons who continuously spelled the family name with the “Mac” prefix, leading Richard (Dick) MacKenzie to often quip that his branch of the family was the only one which had learned how to spell. Looking at some of the marks and misspellings of the family name, especially in western Maryland, Dick’s statement just may be true.
Like several of the other children, Daniel received 96 acres of land from his father, John in 1758. He also was appointed executor of the John McKenzie’s will along with John’s wife, Katherine.
One of the first recorded transactions involving Daniel is dated 12 Jan 1757 when he had one acre of land surveyed in Frederick County, Maryland. The next year on 18 Dec 1758, just after John McKenzie’s death, Daniel had a large tract of land in Frederick County surveyed, that combined with the one acre earlier, contained 1521 acres and was called “Molly’s Fancy.” However, on 11 Jan 1759, via an attachment to the survey papers which bears his name and seal shown below, he acknowledges that for seventy-six pounds sterling in hand paid by Charles Carroll, Esq., he assigns the land to Charles Carroll in order for a patent to be issued, which it was to Charles Carroll on that same date. On the cover sheet of the file for “Molly’s Fancy” there are several notations, some scratched out, but one clearly showing “Caveated to Benja. Swoop 22 August 1763” and another showing “caveat withdrawn by order of Benja. Swoope.”
On 18 Apr 1760, Daniel recorded a survey for a piece of property named “New Bedford” located in Frederick County. The Warrant for the land was granted to both Daniel MacKenzie and John Logsdon.
On 3 Sep 1771 a survey was recorded by Daniel MacKenzie for a piece of property in Anne Arundel County containing 12 acres and known as “MacKenzie’s Hills”. Apparently, Daniel never perfected the warrant thereby causing his son, Aaron to have to do so after Daniel’s death. Based upon Richard (Dick) MacKenzie’s analysis as set forth on one of the previous maps, we know that MacKenzie’s Hills was located adjacent to Hopson’s Choice. One of the references in the survey is to “Margaret’s Fancy”, which is one of the contiguous properties reflected on Dr. Caleb Dorsey’s map of land warrants in Howard County, Maryland.
In the early part of the decade of the 1770’s, Daniel definitely was busy having his land surveyed. Another survey for a piece, “MacKenzie’s Pleasure”, was filed on 3 Sep 1771, the same day that the “MacKenzie’s Hills” survey was filed by Daniel MacKenzie. For whatever reason Daniel once again failed to obtain the patent on this piece of property, which was left for his son, Aaron, to do after Daniel died.
On June 6, 1774, Daniel MacKenzie filed a survey for another piece of property in Anne Arundel County which was entitled “MacKenzie’s Angle” containing 4 ½ acres. Once again Daniel’s son/executor was the one who obtained a patent on the land because Daniel had not done so before he died. MacKenzie’s Hills, Pleasure and Angle all are reflected on Dick MacKenzie’s map on page 30, infra.
On 2 March 1778, Daniel MacKenzie, Michael MacKenzie and Aaron MacKenzie took the Oath of Allegiance before the Hon. Reuben Meriweather. Based upon the analysis of Richard (Dick) MacKenzie, he surmises (and the author believes has done so correctly) that these three people were Daniel MacKenzie (b. 1717), his brother, Michael McKenzie (b. abt. 1727) and Michael’s son, Aaron McKenzie (b. unk.). There was no other “Aaron” of sufficient age to take the oath of Allegiance who can be attributed to any other child of John McKenzie (b. 1687). John’s son, Aaron (b. 1723-1727) had migrated to Virginia, Daniel’s (b. 1717) son, Aaron, was not born until 1769 so he would have been too young to take the oath, Gabriel had migrated to western Maryland and took the oath with his sons in Washington County, and Moses did not have a child by the name of Aaron. Process of elimination leads to the conclusion that the Aaron who took the Oath of Allegiance in Anne Arundel County was Michael’s son, Aaron (b. unk.).
During the period from June 1777 to September 1783, Benedict Swope, Gentleman (same as Benjamin or son thereof?), sold on four occasions parts of the tract “Molly’s Fancy” totaling 418 acres, in one instance identifying the tract as “part of the tract thereof conveyed by Charles Carroll, Esq. to Benedict Swope.” It is unclear exactly when, how or in what quantity Benedict received portions of “Molly’s Fancy” or whether he retained any for his own use.
Upon the death of Charles Carroll of Annapolis in 1782, his son, Charles Carroll of Carrollton (only Catholic and last living signer of the Declaration of Independence), assumed control of his father’s estate, and on 20 Nov 1782, sold 36 acres of “Molly’s Fancy.”
Based upon remaining correspondence between Charles Carroll of Annapolis (Papa) and Charles Carroll of Carrollton (Charley), Charles Carroll of Annapolis and Daniel MacKenzie were engaged in business from approximately 1774 until Charles Carroll of Annapolis’ death in 1782. Copies of the pages from the Dear Papa, Dear Charley book are contained on the home page of Daniel MacKenzie on the McKenzies of Early Maryland web site.
On 3 Sep 1783, Daniel executed his will in Anne Arundel County, naming sons Henry and Daniel as Executors and devising:
To sons Henry, Daniel and Eli one hundred acres of “Molly’s Fancy” each, adjoining their dwelling plantations
To wife Mary all land, cattle and possessions in Anne Arundel County, and at her demise, land to go to son Aaron and remainder of possessions there to be sold and divided among his 8 children
To daughters Honour Johnson, Mary Mackinzie, Eleanor Mackinzie, and Orphay Young, 100 acres of “Molly’s Fancy” each
Balance of “Molly’s Fancy” to be divided between sons Henry, Daniel and Eli after necessary amount sold to pay off debts
All of the above property was devised, even though there is no evidence that Daniel had ever secured clear and proper title to “Molly’s Fancy” during his lifetime. The last entry on his will is a certification by the Register of Wills on 21 Oct 1875 that it is a true copy of the original.
Daniel was listed in the 1783 Tax List for Anne Arundel County, as follows:
Although it is a bit hard to read, Aaron is listed first with no land. Because Daniel’s son, Aaron, b. 1769) would have been too young to be included on this tax list, the author concludes that the Aaron listed above was the son of Michael McKenzie (b. abt. 1727) Next, Daniel MacKenzie is listed with Hobson’s (sic) Choice, 96 acres, McKenzie’s Pleasure, 29 acres and McKenzie’s Angle, 16 acres, followed by Michael McKenzie with what appears to be 96 acres of Hobson’s (sic) Choice.
On 24 Jun 1784 a survey was filed on behalf of Ely McKinsey (actual spelling), Daniel’s son, in connection with a piece of property entitled Addition to Molly’s Fancy consisting of 11 ½ acres. The recitations at the beginning of the document state that the survey was commissioned via a “Special warrant issued to Daniel McKinsey of Anne Arundell (sic) County, but before the warrant could be executed the said Daniel McKinsey died.“ The date of the document and the recitation coincide correctly with the date of execution of Daniel’s will (1783) and it’s certification by the Register of Wills in 1785. Ely is specifically referenced as being the son of Daniel McKinsey in the document.
On 20 Oct 1785, Charles Carroll of Carrollton, for 260 pounds sterling, released to Henry and Daniel Mackinzie, Executors of the will of Daniel Mackinzie, dec’d, all that part of a tract called “Molly’s Fancy” assigned to Charles Carroll, now deceased, for payment of a debt, “not heretofore conveyed by the said Charles Carroll deceased or the said Charles Carroll a party hereto to enable Henry and Daniel to carry into effect the last will and testimony of their father Daniel Mackinzie.”
Over the next several years (1786-1791), after the other five heirs had on 12 Nov 1785 conveyed all of their rights to “Molly’s Fancy” to Henry and Daniel Mackinzie, Executors of their father’s estate, in order to enable them to sell enough land to pay Daniel’s remaining debts, then to divide and apportion the remaining part equally, Henry and Daniel, jointly or on an individual basis, sold 570 ½ acres of “Molly’s Fancy” in eleven separate transactions. The numerous sales coupled with the fact that no property had yet been distributed to the other heirs may have been what prompted the others to file suit in Frederick County Chancery Court on 5 Jan 1790 to force conveyances of their entitled portions. Those heirs were identified as Joshua Harp and wife Eleanor, Thomas Johnson and wife Honour, Joshua Young and wife Orphay, of Anne Arundel Co. and William Jones and wife Mary and Eli MacKenzie of Frederick Co. vs. Henry MacKenzie of Frederick Co. and Daniel MacKenzie of Anne Arundel Co.
Finally, on 16 Apr 1792 and 7 May 1792, four of the 5 other heirs each received conveyances of 93 acres of “Molly’s Fancy”. The remaining 93 acres that otherwise should have gone to Joshua Harp and wife Eleanor was distributed to another individual whose relationship to Joshua and Eleanor is unknown.
An additional 4 acres of “Molly’s Fancy” were sold by Daniel McKenzie on 14 Sep 1801. In the end, some 1494 of the original 1521 acres appear to have been accounted for. Needless to say in view of the foregoing, Molly’s Fancy was quite large and was perhaps the largest tract of land ever owned by a McKenzie of Early Maryland. We are indebted to an unknown genealogist at the Carroll County Historical Society for the following map of Molly’s Fancy. Currently, work is being done to determine exactly where in Maryland the property was located.
Daniel MacKinzie is believed to have died in Anne Arundel County, Maryland before 24 Jun 1784. That date is based upon the survey prepared for Ely McKenzie which includes the recitation that Daniel had died. The location of Daniel’s gravesite is unknown.
Just as was done with the children of Gabriel and Katherine McKenzie, the following is a discussion of the children of Daniel MacKenzie and Mary (Molly) Porter.
Daniel McKenzie Jr. was born about 1740. He married Ann Unknown They had one known child, John. Daniel died in about 1820.
Their son, John, was involved in at least one real estate transaction which the McKenzie Research Group has been able to uncover. In 1812 his name appears in a patent to Thomas Dorsey involving a property known as McKinsey’s Manor, which had previously been surveyed for John McKinsey of Daniel. Since Daniel MacKenzie (b. 1717) never had a son named John, it is safe to conclude that this John was the son of Daniel b. abt. 1740.
The first reference to Daniel of which the author is aware is the reference to him in Harry Pedan’s Revolutionary Patriot’s treatise circa 1775 where Daniel is listed as an associator in December, 1775 and a juror to the Oath of Allegiance in 1778.
Daniel was involved in quite a few real estate transactions following the death of his father in 1783, both individually and as a co-executor of his father’s estate with his brother, Henry. As you read what follows, it is interesting to see the time line progression of the third generation slowly selling/dispersing the land which the second generation, i.e. Daniel MacKenzie (b. 1717) had inherited and/or acquired during his lifetime.
In December, 1785, Daniel McKinzey of Frederick County, and his brother, Henry, farmers, sold to Richard Mooney, Laborer, for the sum of 125 pounds, 16 shillings, 3 pence, all of "Molly's Fancy" bounded by "the Meadow Branch" and "High Spring" laid out for 45 3/4 acres.
Also, in December, 1785, in another transaction involving Molly’s Fancy, Daniel McKinzey of Frederick County, farmer, sold 15 acres of the property to Frederick Taney, butcher, for and in consideration of the sum of 45 pounds.
Several months later, in an Indenture dated 7 Feb 1786, Henry MacKinzie and Daniel MacKinzie, Executors, sold to David Schriver 280 acres of Molly's Fancy, in consideration of the sum of 433 pounds,
Six months later, in an Indenture dated 5 May 1786, Henry and Daniel McKinzey, farmers, sold 40 acres of Molly's Fancy to Henry Hauptman, farmer, for 90 pounds.
Daniel continued to sell property involving Molly’s Fancy when, in 1787, in another Indenture dated 27 Nov 1787, Daniel McKinzey of Frederick County, farmer, sold 28 acres of Molly’s Fancy to William Smith, joiner, for the sum of 234 pounds. Daniel's wife, Ann, also appeared and relinquished her right of dowry.
On 05 Jan 1790 the case of Joshua Harp, Eleanor Harp, Thomas Johnson, Honour Johnson, Joshua Young, Orphay Young, William Jones, Mary Jones, and Eli MacKenzie vs. Henry MacKenzie and Daniel MacKenzie was filed in Frederick County. The heirs of Daniel MacKenzie were forced to file suit against their brothers, Daniel, Jr. and Henry McKenzie, the executors of Daniel MacKenzie’s estate, to force them to distribute the land that Daniel had accumulated in his lifetime. The suit was filed in equity seeking for each of the heirs their respective 93 acres (each) of Molly’s Fancy. The children had appointed John Logsdon to survey the property so that it could be divided. Logsdon accomplished that task, but apparently Henry and Daniel were “combining together and confederating with divers other persons unknown to your Orators [and] and altogether refuse to execute any deeds to your Orators or either of them for their respective parts of the land called “Molly’s Fancy.” The suit goes on to request that a subpoena issue to Henry MacKenzie of Frederick County and one to Daniel MacKenzie of Anne Arundel County to appear before the court to answer in equity why they should not execute the deeds requested. Most of this language appears on page three including the quote. On the earlier pages it states that Daniel MacKenzie (b. 1717) had assigned the property to Charles Carroll to secure a debt. But, the debt had been satisfied and the property, less what had been sold by Charles Carroll had been reassigned to the McKenzies. That probably explains why the 1500 acres of land that had originally comprised Molly’s Fancy had been whittled down to a size such that each of the heirs eventually received their 93 acre share. The tenor of the suit was such that it implied that there was some bad blood existing between the executors and the remainder of the children.
Daniel also was involved in further transactions as the co-executor of his father’s estate as exemplified by a transaction dated 16 April 1792 between Henry and Daniel McKinsey, executors, to Eli McKenzie of Frederick County, for and in consideration of the trust established on 12 Nov 1785 between the executors and "Eli and Others" and 5 pounds, the executors transferred 93 acres of Molly's Fancy to Eli McKinsey. Joshua Earp (Harp), husband of Eleanor McKenzie, one of Daniel Sr.'s daughters, also involved in the 1785 conveyance, served as a witness to the conveyance.
In yet another executor related transaction, on 16 April 1792, Henry and Daniel McKinsey of Anne Arundel County, farmers, sold 93 acres of Molly's Fancy to John Lyster of Frederick County, farmer, for 267 pounds. On the same day, in another transaction dated 16 April 1792, Henry and Daniel McKinsey, executors, conveyed to Mary Jones, wife of William Jones, once again for and in consideration of the trust established on 12 Nov 1785 between the executors and "Eli and Others" 93 acres of Molly's Fancy to Eli McKinsey for 5 Pounds. Joshua Earp (Harp), husband of Eleanor McKenzie, one of Daniel Sr.'s daughters also involved in the 1785 conveyance, served as a witness to the conveyance. Mary's name was spelled both Mary and Marah in the deed.
Just weeks later, in an Indenture dated 7 May 1792, Henry and Daniel McKenzie, executors, sold to Joshua and Orphay Young, another daughter of Daniel MacKenzie, 93 acres of Molly's Fancy in consideration of 5 shillings. That transaction was followed by another dated 30 Oct 1793, when Daniel and his brother, Henry, once again co-executors, conveyed 93 acres of Molly’s Fancy to Thomas and "Onner" Johnson, “Honour” being their sister. The price was only 5 shillings which once again did not reflect the fair market value of the property and most probably, like the other conveyances set forth in this paragraph, was just nominal consideration required to consummate the transaction. It is not clear to the author why the executors waited almost 10 years following the death of Daniel MacKenzie to convey shares of Molly’s Fancy to their siblings.
In an indenture dated 14 Sep 1801 between Daniel McKenzie of Anne Arundel County and William Smith of Frederick County, for and in consideration of the sum of 80 dollars, Daniel conveyed 4 acres of Molly's Fancy adjoining 78 acres previously conveyed to Smith by Daniel McKenzie
Daniel, Jr. is believed to have died circa 1820. No will has been located.
Henry MacKenzie was born about 1743. He married Elizabeth Porter. They had four (known) children: Thomas, Marianna, Augustine and Eleanor. Henry died about 1810.
The first reference to Henry of which the author is aware is the reference to him in Harry Pedan’s Revolutionary Patriot’s treatise circa 1775 where Henry is listed as an associator in December, 1775, took the Oath of Allegiance in 1778 and was drafted on 2 June 1783.
Following the death of Daniel MacKenzie in 1783, Henry served as a co-executor of his father’s estate along with his older brother, Daniel Jr. referenced above. In addition to executor related transactions, Henry also was involved in personal transactions of his own as reflected below.
Indenture dated 16 Mar 1786 between Henry McKinzey of Fred. Co., Farmer, (with wife Elizabeth in agreement) and Peter Shoemaker of the same place, Shoemaker, for 80 pounds current money, part of a tract called “Molly’s Fancy” “..East side of a branch descending from Rattlesnake Spring …” laid out for 25 acres.
Indenture dated 10 May 1787 between Henry McKinzey of Fred. Co. (with wife Elizabeth in agreement) and Leonard Kitzmiller of same place, for 51 pounds, 15 shillings, part of a tract called “Molly’s Fancy” “… descending from a branch called Rattlesnake Spring … to a tract sold to Andrew Hawn …”laid out for 17 ¼ acres.
Indenture dated 12 Aug 1788 between Henry McKinzey of Fred. Co., Farmer (with wife Elizabeth in agreement) and Peter Shoemaker of the same place, Shoemaker, for 44 pounds current money, part of a tract called “Molly’s Fancy” “…East side of a Branch descending from the Rattlesnake Spring … to a line of the said Peter Shoemaker’s 25 acres part of the said “Molly’s Fancy” and laid out for 22 acres.
Indenture dated 9 Mar 1790 between Henry McKinzey of Fred. Co., Acting Executor of the estate of Daniel McKinzey late of Anne Arundel County, and John Bricker of the same place, Blacksmith, for 23 pounds current money, a tract of land called “Addition to Molly’s Fancy” adjoining “Father’s Advice” and intersecting a part of “Molly’s Fancy” for 11 ½ acres.
Indenture dated 24 Sep 1791 between Henry Mackinzie of Fred. Co., Farmer, (with wife Elizabeth in agreement) and Peter Shoemaker of the same place, Shoemaker, for 72 pounds current money, part of a tract called “Molly’s Fancy” adjoining the 22 ¼ acres, the second part of this tract previously purchased by Shoemaker and “to that part of “Molly’s Fancy” sold to Andrew Hauhn …” laid out for 28 acres.
Indenture dated 9 April 1794 between John Logsdon and Henry MacKenzie, son and heir of Daniel MacKenzie to Normand Bruce, witnesseth that the said Daniel MacKenzie by an instrument bearing date of 15 Sep 1766 and sealed with the seal of Daniel, his heirs and assigns stood bound to assign unto Normand Bruce a tract of land being in Frederick County near the bridge of the Great Pipe Creek called "New Bedford" containing 75 acres.
The author is not aware of any will left by Henry McKenzie, nor the location of his gravesite.
Eli McKenzie was born about 1747. He married Margaret Unknown. Through the research efforts of Richard (Dick) MacKenzie and Don Kagle, they have been able to trace Eli from Maryland, to Pennsylvania and ultimately to Kelso Township, Dearborn County, Indiana, where he died in about 1839. Eli and Margaret had three documented children: John, Daniel and Henry.
One of the primary sources of information that Dick and Don tapped to piece together the migration from Maryland to Pennsylvania was the records of the Conewago Chapel, now the Sacred Heart Basilica in Hanover, Pennsylvania. One of Eli’s sons, Daniel and his wife, Catherine Hartmann, were witness at the marriage of Miriana McKenzie and Joseph Arnold on Jan 13, 1796 at the Conewago Chapel, Conewago Township, Adams County, Pennsylvania. Also, numerous children of Daniel and Catherine were baptized there. It is a Roman Catholic minor basilica dedicated to the Sacred Heart of Jesus and was constructed between 1785 and 1787. It is the oldest Roman Catholic church built solely of stone in the United States and was the heart of the first distinctly Catholic settlement in Pennsylvania. For a while the land on which the property lies was within the disputed area claimed both by Maryland and Pennsylvania and later was assimilated solely into Pennsylvania after the Mason-Dixon survey of the respective state lines.
The following real estate transactions, and other legal documents, are in addition to, and different from, those referenced in which Eli was mentioned:
Indenture dated 19 May 1792 between Eli McKenzie of Frederick County, farmer, and John Marker, tailor, to correct a conveyance of 7 Feb 1786 "that deed not being right", in consideration of 5 pounds (remaining purchase price) Eli McKenzie conveys 17 acres of Molly's Fancy. Eli's first name is spelled both Eli and Elie, and the last name is spelled three different ways. Eli's wife, Margaret, appears to relinquish her right of dower.
Indenture dated 13 Jun 1792 between Eli McKinzie of Frederick County, farmer, and John Brothers, farmer, in consideration of 8 pounds Eli conveys 5 acres of Molly's Fancy. Eli's wife, Margaret, appears and relinquishes her right of dower.
Indenture dated 28 Jan 1795 between Ely McKinzie of Frederick County, farmer, and John Lyster, farmer, in consideration of 8 pounds current gold and silver specie, conveys tract of land called "Unexpected”. Ely's wife, Margaret, appears and relinquishes her right of dower.
In May 1798, Eli consented to his son, Daniel, being apprenticed to Abraham White for a term of three years. This document and its date helps tie together Daniel’s marriage to Catharine Hartmann, and the birth of their first child, Elias, who is believed to have been born in 1803.
Indenture dated 11 Aug 1801 between Eli McKenzie of Frederick County and John You of the same county, in consideration of 584 pounds conveys 81 3/4 acres of Molly's Fancy. Eli's wife, Margaret appears and relinquishes her right of dower.
Starting the next year, in 1802, deeds and other legal documents were recorded in Cambria County, Pennsylvania which help to roughly establish Eli’s migration to Pennsylvania with his family.
In March, 1808, John McKenzie, son of Eli McKenzie, created a general Power of Attorney in favor of “his father, Ely McKinzie”. The document does not specify why the Power was being extended and is general in nature. It helps to establish, however, a very important link between John McKenzie (b. abt. 1772) and his father, Eli/Ely McKenzie. It still has not been proven when Eli and his son, John McKenzie (b. abt. 1772) migrated from Frederick County, Maryland to Cambria County, Pennsylvania, but we do know that they were the progenitors of a long line of McKenzies who populated that area, whose names appear on the McKenzies of Early Maryland web site.
The next document involving Eli is a deed dated 5 Dec 1822 when he deeded property to his son, John McKenzie in Summerhill Township, Cambria County, Pennsylvania.
Fast forward seventeen years and on June 21, 1839, Letters of Administration were filed with the Register for the Probate of Wills in Cambria County, Pennsylvania by John McKenzie, Henry McKenzie and Michael D. McMagehan in connection with the estate of Eli McKenzie, late of Kelso Township, Dearborn County, Indiana. Ely/Eli McKenzie apparently had died in early 1839, yet someone felt the need to file Letters of Administration to have his estate probated in Cambria County. To date, the author understands from Richard (Dick) MacKenzie that no will is on file for Eli McKenzie either in Dearborn County, Indiana or Cambria County, Pennsylvania..
Little is known about Orphay McKenzie, one of Daniel MacKenzie’s daughters, other than that she married Joshua Young and also shared in the distribution of Molly’s Fancy following Daniel MacKenzie’s death in 1783.
The same is true with respect to Honour McKenzie, another one of Daniel’s daughters, who also shared in the distribution of Molly’s Fancy. Other than the deeds referenced in the section above involving Daniel MacKenzie (b. 1740), nothing else is known of her by the author, except that the deeds reflect that her husband was Thomas Johnson.
Mary McKenzie likewise shared in Daniel’s estate and from those deed records it is known that she married William Jones.
A bit more information is known about Eleanor McKenzie, another one of the daughters of Daniel MacKenzie (b. 1717). She married Joshua Earp. They had the following children: Orpha, Honor, Eleanor, Elizabeth, William, Mary, Joshua, Amos, Ananias, Nancy, Joseph and Daniel.
Aaron McKenzie was born about abt. 1769. He married Mary Rachel Earp and they had the following children: Susan, Caleb, Mary L, David, Catherine, Rachel (Mary), Aaron, Jr. and Jesse. Mary Rachel’s Earp family is the same one who spawned the famous sheriff of United States western lore. Per Don Kagle the common ancestor between Rachel and Wyatt was Thomas Marion Earp II (b. abt. 1656).
Aaron died in 1831 and left a will, which is located on the McKenzies of Early Maryland web site and is worth a read. In it, he leaves most of his property to his two sons, David and Aaron McKinzie, a cow to his beloved wife, Rachel (whichever one she wants to pick) and then leaves $1.00 each to his oldest son, Caleb, another son, Jesse, and his three daughters Catherine Hyatt, Rachel Pearce and Mary Pearce. One hundred and eighty years later, one wonders why five of his children were effectively disinherited. Fortunately, he softened it a bit by leaving his beloved wife one cow - of her choosing!! If we ever decided to present “The Toughest McKenzie SOB Award” to one of our McKenzie ancestors, this will of Aaron would place him in the running to be a prospective winner.
Two notations in Aaron’s will that are quite helpful in tying together numerous generations are Aaron’s bequests of “Hopkin’s” (sic) Choice and Addition to “Hopkins” (sic) Choice to his sons, David and Aaron. This was part of the same property that John McKenzie (b. 1687) had assembled from 1716 to the 1740’s, and which John had bequeathed to his son, Daniel MacKenzie, when John died in 1758.
Extensive research has been performed by Richard (Dick) MacKenzie pertaining to the line of Daniel MacKenzie (b. 1717) which of course encompasses Aaron McKenzie (b. abt. 1769). Dick has traced all of Aaron’s land holdings and the conveyances of that land, as follows:
AA Co. Patent #941 – “MacKenzie’s Pleasure” 29 ¼ acres (beginning … tract called “Gray’s Bower” and wrapping around “Carter’s Whim”) surveyed for Daniel MacKenzie 3 Sep 1771, patented to his son, Aaron 6 Jun 1794 “for use by Daniel’s widow, Mary MacKenzie, during her life and then for use of Aaron.”
AA Co. Patent #940 – “MacKinzie’s Hills” 12 acres (beginning … “Margaret’s Fancy”) surveyed for Daniel MacKinzie 3 Sep 1771, patented to his son Aaron April 1796, “for use by Daniel’s widow, Mary MacKinzie, during her life, then for the use of Aaron.”
AA Co. Patent #938 -- “MacKinzie’s Angle” 4 ½ acres (beginning … “Carter’s Whim”) surveyed for Daniel MacKinzie 6 Jan 1774, patented to his son Aaron 4 Sep 1807, “for use by Daniel’s widow, Mary MacKinzie, during her life, then for the use of Aaron.”
AA Co. Patent 962 -- “McKinsey’s Neglect” 2 ¼ acres (a long, narrow strip on east side of “Addition to Hopson’s Choice” and “Hopson’s Choice”) originally surveyed for Aaron McKinsey 8 Dec 1815 as “Second Addition to Hopson’s Choice” based on warrant obtained 30 Dec 1814, but vacancy never paid for, so resurveyed and patented to Thomas B. Dorsey of John 15 Dec 1813.
AA Co. Land Record WSG-16, pg. 352 – Indenture dated 17 Aug 1831, whereby David McKinzie, who stands indebted to Rebecca Goodwin of City of Baltimore for $200 with legal interest payable 12 months hence, indentures to Goodwin 2 tracts of land “Hopson’s Choice” and “Addition to Hopson’s Choice” if debt not repaid.
AA Co. Patent #960 – “McKenzie’s Loss” 24 ¼ acres (adjoining at a point “McKenzie’s Pleasure” and also intersecting “Carter’s Addition”, “Sewel’s Lott”, “Carter’s Whim”, “Grey’s Bower” and “East Latham”) surveyed for Aaron McKenzie 25 Feb 1797, patented to his son, David McKenzie 22 Aug 1831, in order to satisfy will of late Aaron McKenzie in which this tract to be sold for payment of debts. (NOTE: In the original survey document, everything is spelled “MacKinzie”)
AA Co. Land Record WSG-17, pg. 247 – Indenture dated 17 Aug 1832 whereby David Mackinzie and wife Sarah and Aaron Mackinzie Jr. convey to Thomas B. Dorsey for $112 a tract called “Mackinzie’s Angle” containing 4 ½ acres.
AA Co. Land Record WSG-18, pg. 53 – Indenture dated 9 May 1833, whereby Thomas B. Dorsey of John and wife Milcah convey to David McKinzie for $60 tract called “McKinzie’s Neglect”, “which lies Eastward of the divisional line between the lands of the late Michael McKinzie and Aaron McKinzie deceased.”
AA Co. Land Record WSG-18, pg. 54 – Indenture date 10 May 1833, whereby Aaron McKenzie deceased did by his last will and testament give his two sons David and Aaron McKenzie part of 3 tracts of land called “Hopson’s Choice”, “McKenzie’s Hills” and “Addition to Hopson’s Choice”, they have made partition of the land, so for $1 to David and his wife Sarah, Aaron receives 4 3/8 acres of “McKenzie’s Hills”, 35 ¼ acres of “Addition to Hopson’s Choice” and 12 ¼ acres of “Hopson’s Choice.”
AA Co. Land Record WSG-18, pg. 56 – Indenture dated 10 May 1833, re partition of land, for $1 to Aaron McKenzie, David and Sarah McKenzie receive part of “McKenzie’s Hills” (3 acres, 1 rood & 20 perches) and 44 ½ acres of “Hopson’s Choice.”
AA Co. Land Record WSG-18, pg. 68 – Indenture dated 10 May 1833, whereby David, Sarah and Aaron McKinzie , for $220, convey to Thomas B. Dorsey of John two tracts of land, “McKinzie’s Pleasure” and “McKinzie’s Loss.”
AA Co. Land Record WSG-18, pg. 228 -- Indenture dated 25 Oct 1833, whereby Aaron Mackinzie of Aaron, for $65.625, conveys to John T.W. Dorsey part of “Mackinzie’s Hills” (intersecting “Batchelor’s Choice